Bd+14°3061: A luminous yellow post-agb star in the galactic halo

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Abstract

I report the discovery that the ninth-mag Galactic-halo star BD+14°3061 is a member of the rare class of luminous metal-poor "yellow post-AGB"stars. Its Gaia DR2 parallax implies an absolute magnitude of MV = -3.44 ± 0.27, and it is a very high-velocity star moving in a retrograde Galactic orbit. BD+14°3061 is a field analog of the half-dozen yellow PAGB stars known in Galactic globular clusters, which have closely similar absolute magnitudes. These objects are the visually brightest members of old stellar populations; their apparently narrow luminosity function makes them potentially useful as Population II standard candles. The spectral-energy distribution of BD+14°3061 out to 22 μm shows no evidence for circumstellar dust. The star is a low-amplitude semiregular pulsating variable, with typical periods of 30-32 days. A radial-velocity study suggests that it is a spectroscopic binary with a period of 429.6 days, making it similar to known binary yellow PAGB stars such as HD 46703 and BD+39°4926.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberabc177
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume160
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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