Bedload component of glacially discharged sediment: Insights from the Matanuska Glacier, Alaska

Justin T. Pearce, Frank J. Pazzaglia, Edward B. Evenson, Daniel E. Lawson, Richard B. Alley, Dru Germanoski, Jon D. Denner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

The flux of glacially derived bedload and the proportions of the suspended and bedload components carried by proglacial streams are highly debated. Published data indicate a large range-from <30% to >75%-in the bedload percentage of the total load. Two "vents," where supercooled subglacial meltwater and sediment are discharged, were sampled over the course of an entire melt season in order to quantify the flux of glacially delivered bedload at the Matanuska Glacier, Alaska. The bedload component contributed by these vents, for the one melt season monitored, is negligible. Furthermore, the bedload fluxes appear to be strongly supply limited, as shown by the poorly correlated discharge, bedload-flux magnitude, and grain-size caliber. Thus, in this case, any attempt to employ a predictive quantitative expression for coarse-sediment production based on discharge alone would be inaccurate. A nonglaciated basin proximal to the Matanuska Glacier terminus yielded higher bedload sediment fluxes and larger clast sizes than delivered by the two monitored vents. Such nonglaciated basins should not be overlooked as potentially major sources of coarse bedload that is reworked and incorporated into valley outwash.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-10
Number of pages4
JournalGeology
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geology

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    Pearce, J. T., Pazzaglia, F. J., Evenson, E. B., Lawson, D. E., Alley, R. B., Germanoski, D., & Denner, J. D. (2003). Bedload component of glacially discharged sediment: Insights from the Matanuska Glacier, Alaska. Geology, 31(1), 7-10. https://doi.org/10.1130/0091-7613(2003)031<0007:BCOGDS>2.0.CO;2