Behavior and injury in urban and rural adolescents

Anne W. Riley, Sion Kim Harris, Margaret E. Ensminger, Sheryl Ryan, Cheryl Alexander, Bert Green, Barbara Starfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives - This study investigates the consistency of factors associated with adolescent injury in separate urban and rural samples. Samples - Adolescents, 11-17 years old, in public schools in urban and rural Maryland (n = 2712). Methods - Separate bivariate and logistic regression analyses were conducted for each sample to determine individual and environmental factors associated with major and minor injuries experienced in the previous year. Results - Multivariate analyses revealed that, for both samples, the probability of a major injury was highest for boys and, among both boys and girls, for those who played several team sports. Among rural youth, other significant covariates of both major and minor injuries were a tendency to engage in risky behavior and to use alcohol. For urban youth, being white, carrying a weapon for protection, attending an unsafe school, and working for pay were also significant covariates. Interactions were important and complex. Conclusions - The consistency of predictive factors, such as multiple sports team participation and risky and aggressive behaviors in completely different physical environments, underscores the need to address the contexts of heightened injury risk that some adolescents create wherever they live by playing sports and/ or behaving in an antisocial, aggressive manner. Moreover, the perception of lack of safety in schools and neighborhoods is associated with increased injury rates, suggesting the need for policy interventions to target social environments as well as behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-273
Number of pages8
JournalInjury Prevention
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996

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Wounds and Injuries
Sports
Sampling Studies
Weapons
Social Environment
Social Behavior
Multivariate Analysis
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Alcohols
Safety

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Riley, A. W., Harris, S. K., Ensminger, M. E., Ryan, S., Alexander, C., Green, B., & Starfield, B. (1996). Behavior and injury in urban and rural adolescents. Injury Prevention, 2(4), 266-273. https://doi.org/10.1136/ip.2.4.266
Riley, Anne W. ; Harris, Sion Kim ; Ensminger, Margaret E. ; Ryan, Sheryl ; Alexander, Cheryl ; Green, Bert ; Starfield, Barbara. / Behavior and injury in urban and rural adolescents. In: Injury Prevention. 1996 ; Vol. 2, No. 4. pp. 266-273.
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Riley, AW, Harris, SK, Ensminger, ME, Ryan, S, Alexander, C, Green, B & Starfield, B 1996, 'Behavior and injury in urban and rural adolescents', Injury Prevention, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 266-273. https://doi.org/10.1136/ip.2.4.266

Behavior and injury in urban and rural adolescents. / Riley, Anne W.; Harris, Sion Kim; Ensminger, Margaret E.; Ryan, Sheryl; Alexander, Cheryl; Green, Bert; Starfield, Barbara.

In: Injury Prevention, Vol. 2, No. 4, 01.12.1996, p. 266-273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Riley AW, Harris SK, Ensminger ME, Ryan S, Alexander C, Green B et al. Behavior and injury in urban and rural adolescents. Injury Prevention. 1996 Dec 1;2(4):266-273. https://doi.org/10.1136/ip.2.4.266