Behavior of dinonylnaphthalene sulfonate monolayers at the air-water interface

D. J. Chaiko, K. Osseo-Asare

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The interfacial behavior of the sodium salt of dinonylnaphthalene sulfonic acid, a highly surface-active metal extractant, has been studied using Langmuir trough techniques. Monolayer desorption experiments were conducted at various surface pressures and substrate compositions. The rates of film contraction were found to be consistent with diffusion-controlled dissolution. Pressure-area isotherms indicated the presence of a single surface phase with a two-dimensional compressibility characteristic of a liquid-condensed film. Monolayer collapse occurred at a limiting molecular area of 67 Å2. Comparison of the monolayer dissolution rates with metal extraction rates indicates the dominance of an interfacial extraction mechanism over an aqueous phase extraction mechanism. (C) 2000 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-347
Number of pages13
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Volume175
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 30 2000

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sulfonates
Monolayers
Water
air
dissolving
Dissolution
Air
Metals
water
Sulfonic Acids
sulfonic acid
troughs
Compressibility
metals
compressibility
contraction
Isotherms
Desorption
isotherms
Salts

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

Cite this

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abstract = "The interfacial behavior of the sodium salt of dinonylnaphthalene sulfonic acid, a highly surface-active metal extractant, has been studied using Langmuir trough techniques. Monolayer desorption experiments were conducted at various surface pressures and substrate compositions. The rates of film contraction were found to be consistent with diffusion-controlled dissolution. Pressure-area isotherms indicated the presence of a single surface phase with a two-dimensional compressibility characteristic of a liquid-condensed film. Monolayer collapse occurred at a limiting molecular area of 67 {\AA}2. Comparison of the monolayer dissolution rates with metal extraction rates indicates the dominance of an interfacial extraction mechanism over an aqueous phase extraction mechanism. (C) 2000 Published by Elsevier Science B.V.",
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Behavior of dinonylnaphthalene sulfonate monolayers at the air-water interface. / Chaiko, D. J.; Osseo-Asare, K.

In: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Vol. 175, No. 3, 30.12.2000, p. 335-347.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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