BENAVIOR OF ALKALI METAL CYANIDES IN THE BLAST FURNACE - VAPORIZATION OF NaCN(l) AND KCN(l).

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Abstract

Vaporization of alkali metal cyanides is related to the emission of cyanides from the blast furnace. Cyanide vaporization is also an important step in the alkali cycle in the blast furnace. The rates of vaporization of liquid NaCN and KCN were studied in the temperature range 923-1123K. Experiments were conducted in argon, helium, nitrogen, krypton and helium-argon mixtures. The rates of vaporization of both NaCN and KCN were proportional to the diffusivities of both the monomeric and the dimeric form of the respective cyanide vapors in the inert gases (or gas mixtures). The values of the apparent activation energies for the vaporization of KCN(l) and NaCN(l) were 70320 KJ/kg mole (16. 8 kcal/mole) and 81850 KH/kg mole (19. 6 kcal/mole) respectively. The relevance of the kinetic data to the blast furnace operation is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-22
Number of pages8
JournalTransactions of the Iron and Steel Society of AIME
Volume6
StatePublished - 1985

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Cyanides
Alkali metals
Blast furnaces
Vaporization
Helium
Argon
Krypton
Inert gases
Gas mixtures
Activation energy
Vapors
Nitrogen
Kinetics
Liquids
Experiments
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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title = "BENAVIOR OF ALKALI METAL CYANIDES IN THE BLAST FURNACE - VAPORIZATION OF NaCN(l) AND KCN(l).",
abstract = "Vaporization of alkali metal cyanides is related to the emission of cyanides from the blast furnace. Cyanide vaporization is also an important step in the alkali cycle in the blast furnace. The rates of vaporization of liquid NaCN and KCN were studied in the temperature range 923-1123K. Experiments were conducted in argon, helium, nitrogen, krypton and helium-argon mixtures. The rates of vaporization of both NaCN and KCN were proportional to the diffusivities of both the monomeric and the dimeric form of the respective cyanide vapors in the inert gases (or gas mixtures). The values of the apparent activation energies for the vaporization of KCN(l) and NaCN(l) were 70320 KJ/kg mole (16. 8 kcal/mole) and 81850 KH/kg mole (19. 6 kcal/mole) respectively. The relevance of the kinetic data to the blast furnace operation is discussed.",
author = "M. Alam and Tarasankar Debroy",
year = "1985",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "15--22",
journal = "Transactions of the Iron and Steel Society of AIME",
issn = "0737-0059",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - BENAVIOR OF ALKALI METAL CYANIDES IN THE BLAST FURNACE - VAPORIZATION OF NaCN(l) AND KCN(l).

AU - Alam, M.

AU - Debroy, Tarasankar

PY - 1985

Y1 - 1985

N2 - Vaporization of alkali metal cyanides is related to the emission of cyanides from the blast furnace. Cyanide vaporization is also an important step in the alkali cycle in the blast furnace. The rates of vaporization of liquid NaCN and KCN were studied in the temperature range 923-1123K. Experiments were conducted in argon, helium, nitrogen, krypton and helium-argon mixtures. The rates of vaporization of both NaCN and KCN were proportional to the diffusivities of both the monomeric and the dimeric form of the respective cyanide vapors in the inert gases (or gas mixtures). The values of the apparent activation energies for the vaporization of KCN(l) and NaCN(l) were 70320 KJ/kg mole (16. 8 kcal/mole) and 81850 KH/kg mole (19. 6 kcal/mole) respectively. The relevance of the kinetic data to the blast furnace operation is discussed.

AB - Vaporization of alkali metal cyanides is related to the emission of cyanides from the blast furnace. Cyanide vaporization is also an important step in the alkali cycle in the blast furnace. The rates of vaporization of liquid NaCN and KCN were studied in the temperature range 923-1123K. Experiments were conducted in argon, helium, nitrogen, krypton and helium-argon mixtures. The rates of vaporization of both NaCN and KCN were proportional to the diffusivities of both the monomeric and the dimeric form of the respective cyanide vapors in the inert gases (or gas mixtures). The values of the apparent activation energies for the vaporization of KCN(l) and NaCN(l) were 70320 KJ/kg mole (16. 8 kcal/mole) and 81850 KH/kg mole (19. 6 kcal/mole) respectively. The relevance of the kinetic data to the blast furnace operation is discussed.

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JO - Transactions of the Iron and Steel Society of AIME

JF - Transactions of the Iron and Steel Society of AIME

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