Benzene-derived carbon nanothreads

Thomas C. Fitzgibbons, Malcolm Guthrie, En Shi Xu, Vincent Henry Crespi, Stephen K. Davidowski, George D. Cody, Nasim Alem, John V. Badding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

142 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low-dimensional carbon nanomaterials such as fullerenes, nanotubes, graphene and diamondoids have extraordinary physical and chemical properties. Compression-induced polymerization of aromatic molecules could provide a viable synthetic route to ordered carbon nanomaterials, but despite almost a century of study this approach has produced only amorphous products. Here we report recovery to ambient pressure of macroscopic quantities of a crystalline one-dimensional sp3 carbon nanomaterial formed by high-pressure solid-state reaction of benzene. X-ray and neutron diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, solid-state NMR, transmission electron microscopy and first-principles calculations reveal close-packed bundles of subnanometre-diameter sp3-bonded carbon threads capped with hydrogen, crystalline in two dimensions and short-range ordered in the third. These nanothreads promise extraordinary properties such as strength and stiffness higher than that of sp2 carbon nanotubes or conventional high-strength polymers. They may be the first member of a new class of ordered sp3 nanomaterials synthesized by kinetic control of high-pressure solid-state reactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-47
Number of pages5
JournalNature Materials
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Fingerprint

Benzene
Nanostructured materials
Carbon
benzene
carbon
solid state
Solid state reactions
Crystalline materials
Fullerenes
Carbon Nanotubes
Graphite
threads
Neutron diffraction
high strength
chemical properties
Graphene
Chemical properties
Nanotubes
bundles
fullerenes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Fitzgibbons, T. C., Guthrie, M., Xu, E. S., Crespi, V. H., Davidowski, S. K., Cody, G. D., ... Badding, J. V. (2015). Benzene-derived carbon nanothreads. Nature Materials, 14(1), 43-47. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat4088
Fitzgibbons, Thomas C. ; Guthrie, Malcolm ; Xu, En Shi ; Crespi, Vincent Henry ; Davidowski, Stephen K. ; Cody, George D. ; Alem, Nasim ; Badding, John V. / Benzene-derived carbon nanothreads. In: Nature Materials. 2015 ; Vol. 14, No. 1. pp. 43-47.
@article{9c31b2b408234fc6b59dca0c5de93a61,
title = "Benzene-derived carbon nanothreads",
abstract = "Low-dimensional carbon nanomaterials such as fullerenes, nanotubes, graphene and diamondoids have extraordinary physical and chemical properties. Compression-induced polymerization of aromatic molecules could provide a viable synthetic route to ordered carbon nanomaterials, but despite almost a century of study this approach has produced only amorphous products. Here we report recovery to ambient pressure of macroscopic quantities of a crystalline one-dimensional sp3 carbon nanomaterial formed by high-pressure solid-state reaction of benzene. X-ray and neutron diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, solid-state NMR, transmission electron microscopy and first-principles calculations reveal close-packed bundles of subnanometre-diameter sp3-bonded carbon threads capped with hydrogen, crystalline in two dimensions and short-range ordered in the third. These nanothreads promise extraordinary properties such as strength and stiffness higher than that of sp2 carbon nanotubes or conventional high-strength polymers. They may be the first member of a new class of ordered sp3 nanomaterials synthesized by kinetic control of high-pressure solid-state reactions.",
author = "Fitzgibbons, {Thomas C.} and Malcolm Guthrie and Xu, {En Shi} and Crespi, {Vincent Henry} and Davidowski, {Stephen K.} and Cody, {George D.} and Nasim Alem and Badding, {John V.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/nmat4088",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "14",
pages = "43--47",
journal = "Nature Materials",
issn = "1476-1122",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

Fitzgibbons, TC, Guthrie, M, Xu, ES, Crespi, VH, Davidowski, SK, Cody, GD, Alem, N & Badding, JV 2015, 'Benzene-derived carbon nanothreads', Nature Materials, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 43-47. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat4088

Benzene-derived carbon nanothreads. / Fitzgibbons, Thomas C.; Guthrie, Malcolm; Xu, En Shi; Crespi, Vincent Henry; Davidowski, Stephen K.; Cody, George D.; Alem, Nasim; Badding, John V.

In: Nature Materials, Vol. 14, No. 1, 01.01.2015, p. 43-47.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Benzene-derived carbon nanothreads

AU - Fitzgibbons, Thomas C.

AU - Guthrie, Malcolm

AU - Xu, En Shi

AU - Crespi, Vincent Henry

AU - Davidowski, Stephen K.

AU - Cody, George D.

AU - Alem, Nasim

AU - Badding, John V.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Low-dimensional carbon nanomaterials such as fullerenes, nanotubes, graphene and diamondoids have extraordinary physical and chemical properties. Compression-induced polymerization of aromatic molecules could provide a viable synthetic route to ordered carbon nanomaterials, but despite almost a century of study this approach has produced only amorphous products. Here we report recovery to ambient pressure of macroscopic quantities of a crystalline one-dimensional sp3 carbon nanomaterial formed by high-pressure solid-state reaction of benzene. X-ray and neutron diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, solid-state NMR, transmission electron microscopy and first-principles calculations reveal close-packed bundles of subnanometre-diameter sp3-bonded carbon threads capped with hydrogen, crystalline in two dimensions and short-range ordered in the third. These nanothreads promise extraordinary properties such as strength and stiffness higher than that of sp2 carbon nanotubes or conventional high-strength polymers. They may be the first member of a new class of ordered sp3 nanomaterials synthesized by kinetic control of high-pressure solid-state reactions.

AB - Low-dimensional carbon nanomaterials such as fullerenes, nanotubes, graphene and diamondoids have extraordinary physical and chemical properties. Compression-induced polymerization of aromatic molecules could provide a viable synthetic route to ordered carbon nanomaterials, but despite almost a century of study this approach has produced only amorphous products. Here we report recovery to ambient pressure of macroscopic quantities of a crystalline one-dimensional sp3 carbon nanomaterial formed by high-pressure solid-state reaction of benzene. X-ray and neutron diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, solid-state NMR, transmission electron microscopy and first-principles calculations reveal close-packed bundles of subnanometre-diameter sp3-bonded carbon threads capped with hydrogen, crystalline in two dimensions and short-range ordered in the third. These nanothreads promise extraordinary properties such as strength and stiffness higher than that of sp2 carbon nanotubes or conventional high-strength polymers. They may be the first member of a new class of ordered sp3 nanomaterials synthesized by kinetic control of high-pressure solid-state reactions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924362387&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924362387&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/nmat4088

DO - 10.1038/nmat4088

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84924362387

VL - 14

SP - 43

EP - 47

JO - Nature Materials

JF - Nature Materials

SN - 1476-1122

IS - 1

ER -

Fitzgibbons TC, Guthrie M, Xu ES, Crespi VH, Davidowski SK, Cody GD et al. Benzene-derived carbon nanothreads. Nature Materials. 2015 Jan 1;14(1):43-47. https://doi.org/10.1038/nmat4088