Better characterization of operation for ulcerative colitis through the National surgical quality improvement program: A 2-year audit of NSQIP-IBD

National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Inflammatory Bowel Disease (NSQIP-IBD) Collaborative: Collaborating Institutions and Investigators

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: There is little consensus of quality measurements for restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis(RPC-IPAA) performed for ulcerative colitis(UC). The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program(NSQIP) cannot accurately classify RPC-IPAA staged approaches. We formed an IBD-surgery registry that added IBD-specific variables to NSQIP to study these staged approaches in greater detail. Methods: We queried our validated database of IBD surgeries across 11 sites in the US from March 2017 to March 2019, containing general NSQIP and IBD-specific perioperative variables. We classified cases into delayed versus immediate pouch construction and looked for independent predictors of pouch delay and postoperative Clavien-Dindo complication severity. Results: 430 patients received index surgery or completed pouches. Among completed pouches, 46(28%) and 118(72%) were immediate and delayed pouches, respectively. Significant predictors for delayed pouch surgery included higher UC surgery volume(p = 0.01) and absence of colonic dysplasia(p = 0.04). Delayed pouch formation did not significantly predict complication severity. Conclusions: Our data allows improved classification of complex operations. Curating disease-specific variables allows for better analysis of predictors of delayed versus immediate pouch construction and postoperative complication severity. Short summary: We applied our previously validated novel NSIP-IBD database for classifying complex, multi-stage surgical approaches for UC to a degree that was not possible prior to our collaborative effort. From this, we describe predictive factors for delayed pouch formation in UC RPC-IPAA with the largest multicenter effort to date.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)174-182
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume221
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

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