Beyond development, what?

Gustavo Esteva, Madhu Suri Prakash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


The authors begin to outline the epic now unfolding at the grassroots, arguing that pioneering social movements are groping for their liberation from the 'Global Project' being imposed upon them. Going beyond the premises and promises of modernity, people at the grassroots are re-inventing or creating afresh new intellectual and institutional frameworks. As is clear from the recent rebellion in southern Mexico, ordinary men and women are learning from each other how to challenge the very nature and foundations of modern power, both its intellectual underpinnings and its apparatus. Explicitly liberating themselves from the dominant ideologies, fully immersed in their local struggles, these movements and initiatives reveal the diverse content and scope of grassroots endeavours.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)280-296
Number of pages17
JournalDevelopment in Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development


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