A postprocessing method initially developed to improve near-surface forecasts from a summertime multimodel short-range ensemble forecasting system is evaluated during the cool season of 2005/06. The method, known as the bias-corrected ensemble (BCE) approach, uses the past complete 12 days of model forecasts and surface observations to remove the mean bias of near-surface variables from each ensemble member for each station location and forecast time. In addition, two other performance-based weighted-average BCE schemes, the exponential smoothing method BCE and the minimum variance estimate BCE, are implemented and evaluated. Values of root-mean-squared error from the 2-m temperature and dewpoint temperature forecasts indicate that the BCE approach outperforms the routinely available Global Forecast System (GFS) model output statistics (MOS) forecasts during the cool season by 9% and 8%, respectively. In contrast, the GFS MOS provides more accurate forecasts of 10-m wind speed than any of the BCE methods. The performance-weighted BCE schemes yield no significant improvement in forecast accuracy for 2-m temperature and 2-m dewpoint temperature when compared with the original BCE, although the weighted BCE schemes are found to improve the forecast accuracy of the 10-m wind speed. The probabilistic forecast guidance provided by the BCE system is found to be more reliable than the raw ensemble forecasts. These results parallel those obtained during the summers of 2002-04 and indicate that the BCE method is a promising and inexpensive statistical postprocessing scheme that could be used in all seasons.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atmospheric Science