Bif-1 promotes tumor cell migration and metastasis via Cdc42 expression and activity

Cunzhen Zhang, Fenghua Liu, Haiyang Chen, Nan Li, Zaili Luo, Weixing Guo, Dandan Huang, Shanhua Tang, Honggang Wang, Shuqun Cheng, Zhong Li, Hongyang Wang

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Abstract

Tumor metastasis is the process by which tumor cells disseminate from tumors and enter nearby and distant microenvironments for new colonization. Bif-1 (BAX-interacting factor 1), which has a BAR domain and an SH3 domain, has been reported to be involved in cell growth, apoptosis and autophagy. However, the influence of Bif-1 on metastasis has been less studied. To understand the role of Bif-1 in metastasis, we studied the expression levels of Bif-1 in human HCC specimens using immunohistochemistry, a tissue microarray and quantitative PCR. The function of Bif-1 was assessed in migration and translocation assays and the pulmonary metastatic animal model. The relationship between Bif-1 and the Rho family was determined using immunoblot analyses and chromatin immunoprecipitation. The results showed that the expression of Bif-1 was higher in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) than matched adjacent non-tumor liver tissues. Increased Bif-1 expression was associated with tumor size and the intercellular spread and metastasis of HCC. Analysis of the relationship between Bif-1 expression and patients’ clinical characteristics revealed that patients with higher levels of Bif-1 had shorter disease-free and overall survival rates. Knockdown of Bif-1 with RNAi suppressed the migration of HCC cells and pulmonary metastasis and decreased the expression of Cdc42, a member of the Rho family. Bif-1 localized to the cytosol and nucleus and interacted with the promoter transcription region of Cdc42, which may regulate Cdc42 expression. Our results demonstrate a novel role of Bif-1 in HCC, in which Bif-1 promotes cell metastasis by regulating Cdc42 expression and activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-23
Number of pages13
JournalClinical and Experimental Metastasis
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Zhang, C., Liu, F., Chen, H., Li, N., Luo, Z., Guo, W., Huang, D., Tang, S., Wang, H., Cheng, S., Li, Z., & Wang, H. (2017). Bif-1 promotes tumor cell migration and metastasis via Cdc42 expression and activity. Clinical and Experimental Metastasis, 34(1), 11-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10585-016-9825-7