Bilateral parotid gland enlargement and palpable nephromegaly in infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia: Case report and review of the literature

Aniket Saha, Smita Dandekar, Sarah Milla, Elizabeth Roman, Teena Bhatla

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in infants below 1 year of age accounts for 2.5% to 5% of childhood ALL. Most children with ALL present with fever, bruising, mucosal bleeding, bone pain, pallor, hepatosplenomegaly, and lymphadenopathy. Common sites of extramedullary involvement at diagnosis include liver, spleen, lymph nodes, brain, and testes. Nephromegaly has also been reported. We present a novel case of bilateral parotid enlargement along with bilateral palpable nephromegaly in a patient with newly diagnosed infant ALL. This unique presentation highlights the importance of considering ALL in the differential diagnosis of parotid enlargement especially when associated with abnormal blood counts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-248
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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