Bilingual experience shapes language processing: Evidence from codeswitching

Anne L. Beatty-Martínez, Paola Eulalia Dussias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report three experiments on two groups of Spanish–English bilinguals who differed in codeswitching experience (codeswitchers and non-codeswitchers) to examine how different production choices predict comprehension difficulty. Experiment 1 examined the processing of gender congruent and gender incongruent determiner-noun switches in sentential contexts using event-related potentials. While codeswitchers demonstrated N400 sensitivity to congruency manipulations, non-codeswitchers showed a modulation of early frontal EEG activity to switching, regardless of switch type. Experiment 2 validated the translation-equivalent target words compared in Experiment 1. In Experiment 3, the bilinguals who participated in Experiment 1 completed a task that elicited naturally-produced codeswitched speech. Codeswitchers switched more often than non-codeswitchers, and their switches robustly reflected the conditions that were more easily processed in Experiment 1. Together, the results indicate the comprehension system becomes optimally attuned to variation in the input, and demonstrate that switching costs depend on the type of codeswitch and bilinguals’ language experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-189
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Memory and Language
Volume95
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017

Fingerprint

Language
experiment
Processing
language
Evoked Potentials
evidence
Electroencephalography
experience
Experiments
Costs and Cost Analysis
Switches
comprehension
gender
Code-switching
Experiment
Language Processing
manipulation
Modulation
event
costs

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Artificial Intelligence

Cite this

@article{055855b22cd84b13bc0c7ad19a80248e,
title = "Bilingual experience shapes language processing: Evidence from codeswitching",
abstract = "We report three experiments on two groups of Spanish–English bilinguals who differed in codeswitching experience (codeswitchers and non-codeswitchers) to examine how different production choices predict comprehension difficulty. Experiment 1 examined the processing of gender congruent and gender incongruent determiner-noun switches in sentential contexts using event-related potentials. While codeswitchers demonstrated N400 sensitivity to congruency manipulations, non-codeswitchers showed a modulation of early frontal EEG activity to switching, regardless of switch type. Experiment 2 validated the translation-equivalent target words compared in Experiment 1. In Experiment 3, the bilinguals who participated in Experiment 1 completed a task that elicited naturally-produced codeswitched speech. Codeswitchers switched more often than non-codeswitchers, and their switches robustly reflected the conditions that were more easily processed in Experiment 1. Together, the results indicate the comprehension system becomes optimally attuned to variation in the input, and demonstrate that switching costs depend on the type of codeswitch and bilinguals’ language experience.",
author = "Beatty-Mart{\'i}nez, {Anne L.} and Dussias, {Paola Eulalia}",
year = "2017",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jml.2017.04.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "95",
pages = "173--189",
journal = "Journal of Memory and Language",
issn = "0749-596X",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

Bilingual experience shapes language processing : Evidence from codeswitching. / Beatty-Martínez, Anne L.; Dussias, Paola Eulalia.

In: Journal of Memory and Language, Vol. 95, 01.08.2017, p. 173-189.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bilingual experience shapes language processing

T2 - Evidence from codeswitching

AU - Beatty-Martínez, Anne L.

AU - Dussias, Paola Eulalia

PY - 2017/8/1

Y1 - 2017/8/1

N2 - We report three experiments on two groups of Spanish–English bilinguals who differed in codeswitching experience (codeswitchers and non-codeswitchers) to examine how different production choices predict comprehension difficulty. Experiment 1 examined the processing of gender congruent and gender incongruent determiner-noun switches in sentential contexts using event-related potentials. While codeswitchers demonstrated N400 sensitivity to congruency manipulations, non-codeswitchers showed a modulation of early frontal EEG activity to switching, regardless of switch type. Experiment 2 validated the translation-equivalent target words compared in Experiment 1. In Experiment 3, the bilinguals who participated in Experiment 1 completed a task that elicited naturally-produced codeswitched speech. Codeswitchers switched more often than non-codeswitchers, and their switches robustly reflected the conditions that were more easily processed in Experiment 1. Together, the results indicate the comprehension system becomes optimally attuned to variation in the input, and demonstrate that switching costs depend on the type of codeswitch and bilinguals’ language experience.

AB - We report three experiments on two groups of Spanish–English bilinguals who differed in codeswitching experience (codeswitchers and non-codeswitchers) to examine how different production choices predict comprehension difficulty. Experiment 1 examined the processing of gender congruent and gender incongruent determiner-noun switches in sentential contexts using event-related potentials. While codeswitchers demonstrated N400 sensitivity to congruency manipulations, non-codeswitchers showed a modulation of early frontal EEG activity to switching, regardless of switch type. Experiment 2 validated the translation-equivalent target words compared in Experiment 1. In Experiment 3, the bilinguals who participated in Experiment 1 completed a task that elicited naturally-produced codeswitched speech. Codeswitchers switched more often than non-codeswitchers, and their switches robustly reflected the conditions that were more easily processed in Experiment 1. Together, the results indicate the comprehension system becomes optimally attuned to variation in the input, and demonstrate that switching costs depend on the type of codeswitch and bilinguals’ language experience.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018970443&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85018970443&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jml.2017.04.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jml.2017.04.002

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85018970443

VL - 95

SP - 173

EP - 189

JO - Journal of Memory and Language

JF - Journal of Memory and Language

SN - 0749-596X

ER -