Bimodal porous carbon cathode and prelithiated coalesced carbon onion anode for ultrahigh power energy efficient lithium ion capacitors

Amir Reza Aref, Shih Wen Chen, Ramakrishnan Rajagopalan, Clive A. Randall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lithium ion capacitors made using prelithiated coalesced carbon onion based anode showed excellent high energy and power performance with time constant in the order of ∼1.45s. The interconnected carbon onion microstructure facilitated both rapid electron and ion transport thereby minimizing the overall resistance. Additionally, high specific capacitance was achieved through control of pore size distribution in high surface area carbons derived from polyfurfuryl alcohol based polymer blends. The fabricated capacitors can be charged and discharged in less than 30s between 2.2V − 4V with energy efficiencies >90%. The maximum achievable energy density was 120 Wh/kg with the capacitor retaining 77 Wh/kg even at a high power density of 11 kW/kg. The capacitors also demonstrated excellent cycling stability with 80% capacitance retention over 21000 cycles along with good thermal stability up to 60 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)89-97
Number of pages9
JournalCarbon
Volume152
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019

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Lithium
Anodes
Cathodes
Capacitors
Carbon
Ions
Capacitance
Polymer blends
Pore size
Energy efficiency
Alcohols
Thermodynamic stability
Microstructure
Electrons

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Bimodal porous carbon cathode and prelithiated coalesced carbon onion anode for ultrahigh power energy efficient lithium ion capacitors",
abstract = "Lithium ion capacitors made using prelithiated coalesced carbon onion based anode showed excellent high energy and power performance with time constant in the order of ∼1.45s. The interconnected carbon onion microstructure facilitated both rapid electron and ion transport thereby minimizing the overall resistance. Additionally, high specific capacitance was achieved through control of pore size distribution in high surface area carbons derived from polyfurfuryl alcohol based polymer blends. The fabricated capacitors can be charged and discharged in less than 30s between 2.2V − 4V with energy efficiencies >90{\%}. The maximum achievable energy density was 120 Wh/kg with the capacitor retaining 77 Wh/kg even at a high power density of 11 kW/kg. The capacitors also demonstrated excellent cycling stability with 80{\%} capacitance retention over 21000 cycles along with good thermal stability up to 60 °C.",
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AU - Aref, Amir Reza

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AU - Rajagopalan, Ramakrishnan

AU - Randall, Clive A.

PY - 2019/11/1

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AB - Lithium ion capacitors made using prelithiated coalesced carbon onion based anode showed excellent high energy and power performance with time constant in the order of ∼1.45s. The interconnected carbon onion microstructure facilitated both rapid electron and ion transport thereby minimizing the overall resistance. Additionally, high specific capacitance was achieved through control of pore size distribution in high surface area carbons derived from polyfurfuryl alcohol based polymer blends. The fabricated capacitors can be charged and discharged in less than 30s between 2.2V − 4V with energy efficiencies >90%. The maximum achievable energy density was 120 Wh/kg with the capacitor retaining 77 Wh/kg even at a high power density of 11 kW/kg. The capacitors also demonstrated excellent cycling stability with 80% capacitance retention over 21000 cycles along with good thermal stability up to 60 °C.

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