Bimodal porous carbon electrodes derived from polyfurfuryl alcohol/phloroglucinol for ionic liquid based electrical double layer capacitors

Amir Reza Aref, Chih Chuan Chou, Ramakrishnan Rajagopalan, Clive A. Randall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A hierarchical porous carbon with bimodal pore size distribution was synthesized using pyrolysis and controlled activation of polymer gel derived from furfuryl alcohol and phloroglucinol using a soft templating approach. Symmetric capacitors made using the synthesized carbon electrodes in neat 1-butyl 3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate showed a specific capacitance of 141 F/g at 1 A/g when cycled between 0 and 3.8 V at room temperature. The capacitor also showed 90% capacitance retention over 5000 cycles. Equivalent circuit modeling of impedance spectra was done to monitor changes and provide microstructural details during cycling and temperature studies. Cyclic voltammetry showed the presence of specific adsorption of the electrolyte ions on the carbon electrode and this was in good agreement with strong dependence of specific capacitance on temperature. Such strong interaction along with the nature of electrical double layer formed in the hierarchical porous carbon results in widening the voltage stability window of the capacitor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1189-1198
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 14 2018

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phloroglucinol
Phloroglucinol
Ionic Liquids
electrochemical capacitors
Ionic liquids
alcohols
Alcohols
Capacitors
Carbon
capacitors
Electrodes
Capacitance
electrodes
carbon
capacitance
liquids
furfuryl alcohol
cycles
equivalent circuits
Equivalent circuits

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "A hierarchical porous carbon with bimodal pore size distribution was synthesized using pyrolysis and controlled activation of polymer gel derived from furfuryl alcohol and phloroglucinol using a soft templating approach. Symmetric capacitors made using the synthesized carbon electrodes in neat 1-butyl 3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate showed a specific capacitance of 141 F/g at 1 A/g when cycled between 0 and 3.8 V at room temperature. The capacitor also showed 90{\%} capacitance retention over 5000 cycles. Equivalent circuit modeling of impedance spectra was done to monitor changes and provide microstructural details during cycling and temperature studies. Cyclic voltammetry showed the presence of specific adsorption of the electrolyte ions on the carbon electrode and this was in good agreement with strong dependence of specific capacitance on temperature. Such strong interaction along with the nature of electrical double layer formed in the hierarchical porous carbon results in widening the voltage stability window of the capacitor.",
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AU - Aref, Amir Reza

AU - Chou, Chih Chuan

AU - Rajagopalan, Ramakrishnan

AU - Randall, Clive A.

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