The zebrafish cardiofunk actin mutation, R177H, causes abnormal heart development. We have introduced this mutation into yeast actin to assess its biochemical consequences. R177H G-actin exhibited reduced thermal stability and an accelerated nucleotide exchange rate. R177H actin has an increased critical concentration and polymerizes with a greatly extended nucleation phase but a faster elongation process, suggesting that significant fragmentation accompanies filament formation. Pi release from R177H actin is tightly coupled to polymerization, as with wild type (WT) actin, suggesting that the R177H mutation does not affect ATPase activity and Pi release. R177H actin shows no polymerization-dependent decrease in intrinsic Trp fluorescence, and the fluorescence yield of a pyrene at Cys374 is decreased. An equivalent amount of WT actin significantly but not completely rescues the mutant's polymerization defect. Tropomyosin greatly exacerbates the elongation of the nucleation phase of R177H actin but slightly decreases its critical concentration. It has only a slight effect on a 1:1 WT/mutant mixture. The defects we observed with R177H actin in vitro indicate that Arg 177 is crucial for the control of the structural integrity of the actin monomer and the actin filament and provide insight into the defects caused by this mutation in zebrafish cardiogenesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Nov 28 2003|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology