Bioconversion of corn stover pyrolysates using a coculture of thermotoga martima and methanococcus jannaschii

T. Akim Nilausen, Stephen Fischer, Tonya Peeples

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The bioconversion of corn stover pyrolysis fractions (pyrolysates) using the hyperthermophiles Thermotoga maritima and Methanococcus jannaschii is evaluated. Pyrolysis involves heating biomass (corn stover) to high temperatures under low oxygenic conditions and results in thermal depolymerization yielding a viscous organic liquid. The produced syrup is a mixture containing sugars including glucose and levoglucosan as well as other compounds and is not yet completely defined. Useful products, e.g., ethanol, hydrogen, and precursor compounds like acetate and lactate, can be obtained from bioconversion using T. maritima. Utilizing natural products to replace a portion of the petroleum based chemicals may help to alleviate some of the stress the chemical process industry places on the environment. It could also be an economic boost for states that are heavily based in agriculture and a means to decrease their need on government subsidies. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the AIChE Annual Meeting (Austin, TX 11/7-12/2004).

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004
Event2004 AIChE Annual Meeting - Austin, TX, United States
Duration: Nov 7 2004Nov 12 2004

Other

Other2004 AIChE Annual Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityAustin, TX
Period11/7/0411/12/04

Fingerprint

Bioconversion
Pyrolysis
Depolymerization
Petroleum
Biological Products
Sugars
Agriculture
Glucose
Hydrogen
Lactic Acid
Acetates
Biomass
Ethanol
Crude oil
Heating
Economics
Liquids
Industry
Temperature
austin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Nilausen, T. A., Fischer, S., & Peeples, T. (2004). Bioconversion of corn stover pyrolysates using a coculture of thermotoga martima and methanococcus jannaschii. Paper presented at 2004 AIChE Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, United States.
Nilausen, T. Akim ; Fischer, Stephen ; Peeples, Tonya. / Bioconversion of corn stover pyrolysates using a coculture of thermotoga martima and methanococcus jannaschii. Paper presented at 2004 AIChE Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, United States.
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Nilausen, TA, Fischer, S & Peeples, T 2004, 'Bioconversion of corn stover pyrolysates using a coculture of thermotoga martima and methanococcus jannaschii', Paper presented at 2004 AIChE Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, United States, 11/7/04 - 11/12/04.

Bioconversion of corn stover pyrolysates using a coculture of thermotoga martima and methanococcus jannaschii. / Nilausen, T. Akim; Fischer, Stephen; Peeples, Tonya.

2004. Paper presented at 2004 AIChE Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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Nilausen TA, Fischer S, Peeples T. Bioconversion of corn stover pyrolysates using a coculture of thermotoga martima and methanococcus jannaschii. 2004. Paper presented at 2004 AIChE Annual Meeting, Austin, TX, United States.