Biocrude Production from Fast and Isothermal Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Chitin

Akhila Gollakota, Phillip E. Savage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We conducted isothermal and fast hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of chitin and determined the effects of temperature, holding time, and chitin wt % loading on product fraction yields and biocrude quality. Increasing the chitin loading from 1 to 15 wt % during isothermal HTL at 350 °C decreased the biocrude yield from 22 wt % to 10 wt %, increased the solids yield from 4 wt % to 16 wt %, and increased the nitrogen content in the biocrude. Increasing the chitin loading during fast HTL at a 500 °C set point temperature for 1 min, however, resulted in little variation in the biocrude and solids yields but again increased the nitrogen content. Fast HTL at this condition resulted in higher biocrude yields and higher energy recovery than did isothermal HTL under all tested chitin loadings. Fast HTL provides the opportunity to process chitin at high loadings (15 wt %) and achieve the highest available biocrude yields and energy recovery in the biocrude. Thermogravimetric analysis indicated a higher fraction of heavy components in the biocrude from isothermal HTL of chitin than from fast HTL. Ketones were abundant in the biocrude from isothermal HTL, and the biocrude from fast HTL was rich in nitrogen-containing compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11328-11338
Number of pages11
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 21 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Biocrude Production from Fast and Isothermal Hydrothermal Liquefaction of Chitin'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this