The development of the new technologies of bone tissue engineering requires the production of bioactive and biodegradable macroporous scaffolds. Hydroxyapatite (HA) ceramics are useful bone substitutes, but they degrade minimally. Tricalcium phosphates also show poor ability of Ca-P formation both in-vitro and in-vivo, although they are degradable. The present study introduces a biodegradable, bioactive, and macroporous scaffold with suitable mechanical properties. The prepared hydroxyapatite scaffold was coated with a nanocrystalline bioactive glass layer to be subsequently sintered at different temperatures. The bioactivity and degradability of the coated scaffolds were investigated by standard procedures. The ability to induce Ca-P formation in SBF (simulated body fluid) was also investigated semi-quantitatively. BS1 scaffolds (scaffolds sintered at 800 °C with a holding time of 2 h) showed remarkable bioactivity and degradability simultaneously. Formation of a nanocrystalline phase (Si2PO7) during the sintering considerably decreased the capability of BS1 scaffolds for Ca-P formation and the rate of degradation but enhanced their mechanical properties. The BS1 scaffolds showed not only significant bioactivity but also good degradability and suitable mechanical property.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering