Biodiversity and ecosystem function: Perspectives on disease

Richard S. Ostfeld, Matthew Brian Thomas, Felicia Keesing

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of variation in biodiversity on transmission and risk of infectious disease have been conspicuously absent from the biodiversity-ecosystem function (BEF) debates. This chapter addresses several key issues in the BEF literature as they pertain to infectious diseases, including: (1) the shape of the association between biodiversity and disease risk; (2) the relative importance of species richness versus species composition; (3) the relative importance of species richness versus diversity of functional groups or relevant life-history traits; (4) how natural sequences of species loss under environmental change (community disassembly) vs random sequences imposed experimentally influence disease risk; and (5) the importance of diversity at organizational levels other than (host) species in influencing disease risk. In a world where biodiversity is changing dramatically and infectious diseases are emerging and resurging, understanding the role of biodiversity in the ecology of diseases is arguably one of the most important areas in BEF research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBiodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing
Subtitle of host publicationAn Ecological and Economic Perspective
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780191720345
ISBN (Print)9780199547951
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 30 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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    Ostfeld, R. S., Thomas, M. B., & Keesing, F. (2009). Biodiversity and ecosystem function: Perspectives on disease. In Biodiversity, Ecosystem Functioning, and Human Wellbeing: An Ecological and Economic Perspective Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199547951.003.0015