Recent advances in cell metabolism studies have deepened the appreciation of the role of metabolic regulation in influencing cell behavior during differentiation, angiogenesis, and immune response in the regenerative engineering scenarios. However, the understanding of whether the intracellular metabolic pathways could be influenced by material-derived cues remains limited, although it is now well appreciated that material cues modulate cell functions. Here, an overview of how the regulation of different aspect of cell metabolism, including energy homeostasis, oxygen homeostasis, and redox homeostasis could contribute to modulation of cell function is provided. Furthermore, recent evidence demonstrating how material cues, including the release of inherent metabolic factors (e.g., ions, regulatory metabolites, and oxygen), tuning of the biochemical cues (e.g., inherent antioxidant properties, cell adhesivity, and chemical composition of nanomaterials), and changing in biophysical cues (topography and surface stiffness), may impact cell metabolism toward modulated cell behavior are discussed. Based on the resurgence of interest in cell metabolism and metabolic regulation, further development of biomaterials enabling metabolic regulation toward dictating cell function is poised to have substantial implications for regenerative engineering.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)