Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, IV: Diagnosis based on DSM-III

T. L. Tan, J. D. Kales, A. Kales, C. R. Soldatos, E. O. Bixler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

DSM-III diagnoses were established for 100 patients with chronic insomnia. Principal and additional diagnoses on axis I and II (psychiatric and personality disorders) were extremely prevalent. Only five patients had a principal diagnosis on axis III (physical disorders). The most common diagnoses on axis I were dysthymic, anxiety, somatoform, and substance use disorders. Compulsive personality disorder on trait was the most common axis II diagnosis. Ninety-five patients had multiple diagnoses. This study confirms that patients with chronic insomnia have a high prevalence of psychopathology and characteristic internalizing patterns of anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsiveness, phobia, and excessive somatic concerns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)357-362
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume141
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

Fingerprint

Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Anxiety
Compulsive Personality Disorder
Phobic Disorders
Personality Disorders
Psychopathology
Substance-Related Disorders
Psychiatry
Depression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Tan, T. L., Kales, J. D., Kales, A., Soldatos, C. R., & Bixler, E. O. (1984). Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, IV: Diagnosis based on DSM-III. American Journal of Psychiatry, 141(3), 357-362. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.141.3.357
Tan, T. L. ; Kales, J. D. ; Kales, A. ; Soldatos, C. R. ; Bixler, E. O. / Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, IV : Diagnosis based on DSM-III. In: American Journal of Psychiatry. 1984 ; Vol. 141, No. 3. pp. 357-362.
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Tan, TL, Kales, JD, Kales, A, Soldatos, CR & Bixler, EO 1984, 'Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, IV: Diagnosis based on DSM-III', American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 141, no. 3, pp. 357-362. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.141.3.357

Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, IV : Diagnosis based on DSM-III. / Tan, T. L.; Kales, J. D.; Kales, A.; Soldatos, C. R.; Bixler, E. O.

In: American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 141, No. 3, 01.01.1984, p. 357-362.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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