Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, V: Clinical characteristics and behavioral correlates

J. D. Kales, A. Kales, E. O. Bixler, C. R. Soldatos, R. J. Cadieux, G. J. Kashurba, A. Vela-Bueno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

127 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The authors compared two samples of insomniac patients with a group of control subjects. Sleep difficulty usually began before the age of 40 and generally persisted for many years (average duration, 14 years). Several characteristic behaviors were correlated with the symptom of insomnia. During the day and at bedtime, patients reported difficulty relaxing and frequently described themselves as tense, anxious, overly preoccupied, worried, and depressed. Reports of poor mental and physical health were far more prevalent in the insomniac patients than in control subjects. These results indicate that psychiatric factors need to be a primary focus in the multidimensional treatment of chronic insomnia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1371-1376
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Psychiatry
Volume141
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

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Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
Psychiatry
Mental Health
Sleep
Control Groups
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Kales, J. D., Kales, A., Bixler, E. O., Soldatos, C. R., Cadieux, R. J., Kashurba, G. J., & Vela-Bueno, A. (1984). Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, V: Clinical characteristics and behavioral correlates. American Journal of Psychiatry, 141(11), 1371-1376. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.141.11.1371
Kales, J. D. ; Kales, A. ; Bixler, E. O. ; Soldatos, C. R. ; Cadieux, R. J. ; Kashurba, G. J. ; Vela-Bueno, A. / Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, V : Clinical characteristics and behavioral correlates. In: American Journal of Psychiatry. 1984 ; Vol. 141, No. 11. pp. 1371-1376.
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Kales, JD, Kales, A, Bixler, EO, Soldatos, CR, Cadieux, RJ, Kashurba, GJ & Vela-Bueno, A 1984, 'Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, V: Clinical characteristics and behavioral correlates', American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 141, no. 11, pp. 1371-1376. https://doi.org/10.1176/ajp.141.11.1371

Biopsychobehavioral correlates of insomnia, V : Clinical characteristics and behavioral correlates. / Kales, J. D.; Kales, A.; Bixler, E. O.; Soldatos, C. R.; Cadieux, R. J.; Kashurba, G. J.; Vela-Bueno, A.

In: American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 141, No. 11, 01.01.1984, p. 1371-1376.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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