We examined the reduction of nitrobenzene by Shewanella putrefaciens CN32 in the presence of natural organic matter (NOM) and hematite. Bioreduction experiments were conducted with combinations and varied concentrations of nitrobenzene, soil humic acid, Georgetown NOM, hematite, and CN32. Abiotic experiments were conducted to quantify nitrobenzene reduction by biogenic Fe(II) and by bioreduced NOMs. We show that S. putrefaciens CN32 can directly reduce nitrobenzene. Both NOMs enhanced nitrobenzene reduction and the degree of enhancement depended on properties of the NOMs (aromaticity, organic radical content). Hematite enhanced nitrobenzene reduction by indirect reaction with biogenic-Fe(II), however, enhancement was dependent on the availability of excess electron donor. Under electron donorlimiting conditions, reducing equivalents diverted to hematite werenot all transferred to nitrobenzene. In systems that contained both NOM and hematite we conclude that NOM-mediated reduction of nitrobenzene was more important than Fe(II)-mediated reduction.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Chemistry