Biorenewable polymer composites from tall oil-based polyamide and lignin-cellulose fiber

Kunwei Liu, Samy A. Madbouly, James A. Schrader, Michael R. Kessler, David Grewell, William R. Graves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tall oil-based polyamide (PA) was blended with lignin-cellulose fiber (LCF), an inexpensive, highly abundant byproduct of the pulp and paper industries, to produce environmental-friendly thermoplastic biocomposites. The effects of the concentration of LCF on the thermal, rheological, and mechanical properties of the composites were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), rheological testing, and mechanical testing. The morphologies of the composites were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The incorporation of LCF did not change the glass relaxation process of the polyamide significantly. Results from rheological testing showed that the complex viscosity and shear storage modulus were increased by LCF. Both the modulus and strength increased with increasing LCF content; however, LCF substantially reduced the tensile elongation of the composites. The thermal stability of the composites was strongly influenced by the concentration of LCF. The onset of the degradation process shifted to lower temperatures with increasing LCF content. We conclude that LCF has strong potential for use as filler that is compatible with tall oil-based polyamide. Adding LCF to form PA-LCF composites can lower material costs, reduce material weight, and increase strength and rigidity compared to neat PA. Composites of PA-LCF could serve as sustainable replacements for petroleum plastics in many industrial applications and would provide additional opportunities to utilize LCF, a highly abundant biorenewable material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number42592
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume132
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Fingerprint

Tall oil
Lignin
Nylons
Polyamides
Cellulose
Polymers
Fibers
Composite materials
tall oil
Paper and pulp industry
Mechanical testing
Petroleum
Testing
Relaxation processes
Dynamic mechanical analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Liu, Kunwei ; Madbouly, Samy A. ; Schrader, James A. ; Kessler, Michael R. ; Grewell, David ; Graves, William R. / Biorenewable polymer composites from tall oil-based polyamide and lignin-cellulose fiber. In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science. 2015 ; Vol. 132, No. 48.
@article{ba746e94e32340e8b6c29401362c1c85,
title = "Biorenewable polymer composites from tall oil-based polyamide and lignin-cellulose fiber",
abstract = "Tall oil-based polyamide (PA) was blended with lignin-cellulose fiber (LCF), an inexpensive, highly abundant byproduct of the pulp and paper industries, to produce environmental-friendly thermoplastic biocomposites. The effects of the concentration of LCF on the thermal, rheological, and mechanical properties of the composites were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), rheological testing, and mechanical testing. The morphologies of the composites were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The incorporation of LCF did not change the glass relaxation process of the polyamide significantly. Results from rheological testing showed that the complex viscosity and shear storage modulus were increased by LCF. Both the modulus and strength increased with increasing LCF content; however, LCF substantially reduced the tensile elongation of the composites. The thermal stability of the composites was strongly influenced by the concentration of LCF. The onset of the degradation process shifted to lower temperatures with increasing LCF content. We conclude that LCF has strong potential for use as filler that is compatible with tall oil-based polyamide. Adding LCF to form PA-LCF composites can lower material costs, reduce material weight, and increase strength and rigidity compared to neat PA. Composites of PA-LCF could serve as sustainable replacements for petroleum plastics in many industrial applications and would provide additional opportunities to utilize LCF, a highly abundant biorenewable material.",
author = "Kunwei Liu and Madbouly, {Samy A.} and Schrader, {James A.} and Kessler, {Michael R.} and David Grewell and Graves, {William R.}",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/app.42592",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "132",
journal = "Journal of Applied Polymer Science",
issn = "0021-8995",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "48",

}

Biorenewable polymer composites from tall oil-based polyamide and lignin-cellulose fiber. / Liu, Kunwei; Madbouly, Samy A.; Schrader, James A.; Kessler, Michael R.; Grewell, David; Graves, William R.

In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 132, No. 48, 42592, 01.12.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biorenewable polymer composites from tall oil-based polyamide and lignin-cellulose fiber

AU - Liu, Kunwei

AU - Madbouly, Samy A.

AU - Schrader, James A.

AU - Kessler, Michael R.

AU - Grewell, David

AU - Graves, William R.

PY - 2015/12/1

Y1 - 2015/12/1

N2 - Tall oil-based polyamide (PA) was blended with lignin-cellulose fiber (LCF), an inexpensive, highly abundant byproduct of the pulp and paper industries, to produce environmental-friendly thermoplastic biocomposites. The effects of the concentration of LCF on the thermal, rheological, and mechanical properties of the composites were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), rheological testing, and mechanical testing. The morphologies of the composites were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The incorporation of LCF did not change the glass relaxation process of the polyamide significantly. Results from rheological testing showed that the complex viscosity and shear storage modulus were increased by LCF. Both the modulus and strength increased with increasing LCF content; however, LCF substantially reduced the tensile elongation of the composites. The thermal stability of the composites was strongly influenced by the concentration of LCF. The onset of the degradation process shifted to lower temperatures with increasing LCF content. We conclude that LCF has strong potential for use as filler that is compatible with tall oil-based polyamide. Adding LCF to form PA-LCF composites can lower material costs, reduce material weight, and increase strength and rigidity compared to neat PA. Composites of PA-LCF could serve as sustainable replacements for petroleum plastics in many industrial applications and would provide additional opportunities to utilize LCF, a highly abundant biorenewable material.

AB - Tall oil-based polyamide (PA) was blended with lignin-cellulose fiber (LCF), an inexpensive, highly abundant byproduct of the pulp and paper industries, to produce environmental-friendly thermoplastic biocomposites. The effects of the concentration of LCF on the thermal, rheological, and mechanical properties of the composites were studied using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), rheological testing, and mechanical testing. The morphologies of the composites were investigated using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The incorporation of LCF did not change the glass relaxation process of the polyamide significantly. Results from rheological testing showed that the complex viscosity and shear storage modulus were increased by LCF. Both the modulus and strength increased with increasing LCF content; however, LCF substantially reduced the tensile elongation of the composites. The thermal stability of the composites was strongly influenced by the concentration of LCF. The onset of the degradation process shifted to lower temperatures with increasing LCF content. We conclude that LCF has strong potential for use as filler that is compatible with tall oil-based polyamide. Adding LCF to form PA-LCF composites can lower material costs, reduce material weight, and increase strength and rigidity compared to neat PA. Composites of PA-LCF could serve as sustainable replacements for petroleum plastics in many industrial applications and would provide additional opportunities to utilize LCF, a highly abundant biorenewable material.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84942292369&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84942292369&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/app.42592

DO - 10.1002/app.42592

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84942292369

VL - 132

JO - Journal of Applied Polymer Science

JF - Journal of Applied Polymer Science

SN - 0021-8995

IS - 48

M1 - 42592

ER -