Biosignatures from Earth-like planets around M dwarfs

Antígona Segura, James F. Kasting, Victoria Meadows, Martin Cohen, John Scalo, David Crisp, Rebecca A.H. Butler, Giovanna Tinetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

278 Scopus citations

Abstract

Coupled one-dimensional photochemical-climate calculations have been performed for hypothetical Earth-like planets around M dwarfs. Visible/ near-infrared and thermal-infrared synthetic spectra of these planets were generated to determine which biosignature gases might be observed by a future, space-based telescope. Our star sample included two observed active M dwarfs - AD Leo and GJ 643 - and three quiescent model stars. The spectral distribution of these stars in the ultraviolet generates a different photochemistry on these planets. As a result, the biogenic gases CH4, N2O, and CH3Cl have substantially longer lifetimes and higher mixing ratios than on Earth, making them potentially observable by space-based telescopes. On the active M-star planets, an ozone layer similar to Earth's was developed that resulted in a spectroscopic signature comparable to the terrestrial one. The simultaneous detection of O2 (or O3) and a reduced gas in a planet's atmosphere has been suggested as strong evidence for life. Planets circling M stars may be good locations to search for such evidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)706-725
Number of pages20
JournalAstrobiology
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Segura, A., Kasting, J. F., Meadows, V., Cohen, M., Scalo, J., Crisp, D., Butler, R. A. H., & Tinetti, G. (2005). Biosignatures from Earth-like planets around M dwarfs. Astrobiology, 5(6), 706-725. https://doi.org/10.1089/ast.2005.5.706