Biosynthesis of chlorophylls and bacteriochlorophylls in green bacteria

Jennifer L. Thweatt, Daniel P. Canniffe, Donald Ashley Bryant

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Green bacteria include chlorophototrophic members of the phyla Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, and Acidobacteria and are defined by their use of chlorosomes for light-harvesting. Despite their shared use of chlorosomes as light-harvesting antenna and their chlorophototrophic metabolic mode, these organisms exhibit a surprising diversity in their ecological and physiological characteristics. Chlorosomes contain thousands of unique chlorin molecules known as bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) c, d, e, or f that are arranged in supramolecular aggregates. Additionally, all green bacteria can synthesize BChl a, the green members of the phyla Chlorobi and Acidobacteria can synthesize chlorophyll (Chl) a, and Chloracidobacterium thermophilum uniquely synthesizes Zn-BChl a'. This review describes the biosynthetic pathways leading to the production of Chls and BChls in green bacteria. Special attention is paid to how the physiological diversity of green bacteria affects the particular combinations of biosynthetic enzymes that are used in these distantly related, chlorosome-producing bacteria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvances in Botanical Research
EditorsBernhard Grimm
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Pages35-89
Number of pages55
ISBN (Print)9780081027523
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Publication series

NameAdvances in Botanical Research
Volume90
ISSN (Print)0065-2296

Fingerprint

biosynthesis
chlorophyll
bacteria
Acidobacteria
chlorins
light harvesting complex
protein aggregates
biochemical pathways
organisms
enzymes
Chlorobi

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science

Cite this

Thweatt, J. L., Canniffe, D. P., & Bryant, D. A. (2019). Biosynthesis of chlorophylls and bacteriochlorophylls in green bacteria. In B. Grimm (Ed.), Advances in Botanical Research (pp. 35-89). (Advances in Botanical Research; Vol. 90). Academic Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.abr.2019.03.002
Thweatt, Jennifer L. ; Canniffe, Daniel P. ; Bryant, Donald Ashley. / Biosynthesis of chlorophylls and bacteriochlorophylls in green bacteria. Advances in Botanical Research. editor / Bernhard Grimm. Academic Press Inc., 2019. pp. 35-89 (Advances in Botanical Research).
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Thweatt, JL, Canniffe, DP & Bryant, DA 2019, Biosynthesis of chlorophylls and bacteriochlorophylls in green bacteria. in B Grimm (ed.), Advances in Botanical Research. Advances in Botanical Research, vol. 90, Academic Press Inc., pp. 35-89. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.abr.2019.03.002

Biosynthesis of chlorophylls and bacteriochlorophylls in green bacteria. / Thweatt, Jennifer L.; Canniffe, Daniel P.; Bryant, Donald Ashley.

Advances in Botanical Research. ed. / Bernhard Grimm. Academic Press Inc., 2019. p. 35-89 (Advances in Botanical Research; Vol. 90).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Thweatt JL, Canniffe DP, Bryant DA. Biosynthesis of chlorophylls and bacteriochlorophylls in green bacteria. In Grimm B, editor, Advances in Botanical Research. Academic Press Inc. 2019. p. 35-89. (Advances in Botanical Research). https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.abr.2019.03.002