Black hole powered nebulae and a case study of the ultraluminous x-ray source IC 342 X-1

Dávid Cseh, Stéphane Corbel, Philip Kaaret, Cornelia Lang, Fabien Grise, Zsolt Paragi, Anastasios Tzioumis, Valeriu Tudose, Hua Feng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present new radio, optical, and X-ray observations of three ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) that are associated with large-scale nebulae. We report the discovery of a radio nebula associated with the ULX IC 342 X-1 using the Very Large Array (VLA). Complementary VLA observations of the nebula around Holmberg II X-1, and high-frequency Australia Telescope Compact Array and Very Large Telescope spectroscopic observations of NGC 5408 X-1 are also presented. We study the morphology, ionization processes, and the energetics of the optical/radio nebulae of IC 342 X-1, Holmberg II X-1, and NGC 5408 X-1. The energetics of the optical nebula of IC 342 X-1 is discussed in the framework of standard bubble theory. The total energy content of the optical nebula is 6 × 1052erg. The minimum energy needed to supply the associated radio nebula is 9.2 × 1050erg. In addition, we detected an unresolved radio source at the location of IC 342 X-1 at the VLA scales. However, our Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) observations using the European VLBI Network likely rule out the presence of any compact radio source at milliarcsecond (mas) scales. Using a simultaneous Swift X-ray Telescope measurement, we estimate an upper limit on the mass of the black hole in IC 342 X-1 using the "fundamental plane" of accreting black holes and obtain M BH ≤ (1.0 0.3) × 103 M. Arguing that the nebula of IC 342 X-1 is possibly inflated by a jet, we estimate accretion rates and efficiencies for the jet of IC 342 X-1 and compare with sources like S26, SS433, and IC 10 X-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number17
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume749
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2012

Fingerprint

x ray sources
nebulae
radio
Very Large Array (VLA)
very long baseline interferometry
energetics
interferometry
x rays
spectroscopic telescopes
telescopes
energy
bubble
ionization
estimates
accretion
bubbles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Cseh, Dávid ; Corbel, Stéphane ; Kaaret, Philip ; Lang, Cornelia ; Grise, Fabien ; Paragi, Zsolt ; Tzioumis, Anastasios ; Tudose, Valeriu ; Feng, Hua. / Black hole powered nebulae and a case study of the ultraluminous x-ray source IC 342 X-1. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2012 ; Vol. 749, No. 1.
@article{3fb77a09b7a14ed7aaff26554b5eedfa,
title = "Black hole powered nebulae and a case study of the ultraluminous x-ray source IC 342 X-1",
abstract = "We present new radio, optical, and X-ray observations of three ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) that are associated with large-scale nebulae. We report the discovery of a radio nebula associated with the ULX IC 342 X-1 using the Very Large Array (VLA). Complementary VLA observations of the nebula around Holmberg II X-1, and high-frequency Australia Telescope Compact Array and Very Large Telescope spectroscopic observations of NGC 5408 X-1 are also presented. We study the morphology, ionization processes, and the energetics of the optical/radio nebulae of IC 342 X-1, Holmberg II X-1, and NGC 5408 X-1. The energetics of the optical nebula of IC 342 X-1 is discussed in the framework of standard bubble theory. The total energy content of the optical nebula is 6 × 1052erg. The minimum energy needed to supply the associated radio nebula is 9.2 × 1050erg. In addition, we detected an unresolved radio source at the location of IC 342 X-1 at the VLA scales. However, our Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) observations using the European VLBI Network likely rule out the presence of any compact radio source at milliarcsecond (mas) scales. Using a simultaneous Swift X-ray Telescope measurement, we estimate an upper limit on the mass of the black hole in IC 342 X-1 using the {"}fundamental plane{"} of accreting black holes and obtain M BH ≤ (1.0 0.3) × 103 M. Arguing that the nebula of IC 342 X-1 is possibly inflated by a jet, we estimate accretion rates and efficiencies for the jet of IC 342 X-1 and compare with sources like S26, SS433, and IC 10 X-1.",
author = "D{\'a}vid Cseh and St{\'e}phane Corbel and Philip Kaaret and Cornelia Lang and Fabien Grise and Zsolt Paragi and Anastasios Tzioumis and Valeriu Tudose and Hua Feng",
year = "2012",
month = "4",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1088/0004-637X/749/1/17",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "749",
journal = "Astrophysical Journal",
issn = "0004-637X",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

Cseh, D, Corbel, S, Kaaret, P, Lang, C, Grise, F, Paragi, Z, Tzioumis, A, Tudose, V & Feng, H 2012, 'Black hole powered nebulae and a case study of the ultraluminous x-ray source IC 342 X-1', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 749, no. 1, 17. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/749/1/17

Black hole powered nebulae and a case study of the ultraluminous x-ray source IC 342 X-1. / Cseh, Dávid; Corbel, Stéphane; Kaaret, Philip; Lang, Cornelia; Grise, Fabien; Paragi, Zsolt; Tzioumis, Anastasios; Tudose, Valeriu; Feng, Hua.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 749, No. 1, 17, 10.04.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Black hole powered nebulae and a case study of the ultraluminous x-ray source IC 342 X-1

AU - Cseh, Dávid

AU - Corbel, Stéphane

AU - Kaaret, Philip

AU - Lang, Cornelia

AU - Grise, Fabien

AU - Paragi, Zsolt

AU - Tzioumis, Anastasios

AU - Tudose, Valeriu

AU - Feng, Hua

PY - 2012/4/10

Y1 - 2012/4/10

N2 - We present new radio, optical, and X-ray observations of three ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) that are associated with large-scale nebulae. We report the discovery of a radio nebula associated with the ULX IC 342 X-1 using the Very Large Array (VLA). Complementary VLA observations of the nebula around Holmberg II X-1, and high-frequency Australia Telescope Compact Array and Very Large Telescope spectroscopic observations of NGC 5408 X-1 are also presented. We study the morphology, ionization processes, and the energetics of the optical/radio nebulae of IC 342 X-1, Holmberg II X-1, and NGC 5408 X-1. The energetics of the optical nebula of IC 342 X-1 is discussed in the framework of standard bubble theory. The total energy content of the optical nebula is 6 × 1052erg. The minimum energy needed to supply the associated radio nebula is 9.2 × 1050erg. In addition, we detected an unresolved radio source at the location of IC 342 X-1 at the VLA scales. However, our Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) observations using the European VLBI Network likely rule out the presence of any compact radio source at milliarcsecond (mas) scales. Using a simultaneous Swift X-ray Telescope measurement, we estimate an upper limit on the mass of the black hole in IC 342 X-1 using the "fundamental plane" of accreting black holes and obtain M BH ≤ (1.0 0.3) × 103 M. Arguing that the nebula of IC 342 X-1 is possibly inflated by a jet, we estimate accretion rates and efficiencies for the jet of IC 342 X-1 and compare with sources like S26, SS433, and IC 10 X-1.

AB - We present new radio, optical, and X-ray observations of three ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs) that are associated with large-scale nebulae. We report the discovery of a radio nebula associated with the ULX IC 342 X-1 using the Very Large Array (VLA). Complementary VLA observations of the nebula around Holmberg II X-1, and high-frequency Australia Telescope Compact Array and Very Large Telescope spectroscopic observations of NGC 5408 X-1 are also presented. We study the morphology, ionization processes, and the energetics of the optical/radio nebulae of IC 342 X-1, Holmberg II X-1, and NGC 5408 X-1. The energetics of the optical nebula of IC 342 X-1 is discussed in the framework of standard bubble theory. The total energy content of the optical nebula is 6 × 1052erg. The minimum energy needed to supply the associated radio nebula is 9.2 × 1050erg. In addition, we detected an unresolved radio source at the location of IC 342 X-1 at the VLA scales. However, our Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) observations using the European VLBI Network likely rule out the presence of any compact radio source at milliarcsecond (mas) scales. Using a simultaneous Swift X-ray Telescope measurement, we estimate an upper limit on the mass of the black hole in IC 342 X-1 using the "fundamental plane" of accreting black holes and obtain M BH ≤ (1.0 0.3) × 103 M. Arguing that the nebula of IC 342 X-1 is possibly inflated by a jet, we estimate accretion rates and efficiencies for the jet of IC 342 X-1 and compare with sources like S26, SS433, and IC 10 X-1.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84858967506&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84858967506&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/0004-637X/749/1/17

DO - 10.1088/0004-637X/749/1/17

M3 - Article

VL - 749

JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

SN - 0004-637X

IS - 1

M1 - 17

ER -