A study of race-based ingroup and outgroup judgment demonstrates the links between two models of social judgment - the 'black sheep' effect (Marques, Yzerbyt & Leyens, 1988) and expectancy-violation theory (Jussim, Coleman & Lerch, 1987). White participants had a live interaction with a Black or White partner who contributed to a team success or failure at a game. Partner judgments, perceived expectancy violation, and mood changes indicated a pattern of ingroup polarization, though the race differential was reliable only when targets performed poorly. Consistent with other research, this pattern was most striking among Whites who were highly identified with their racial group. We suggest that racial identification activates favorable within-group judgment standards which, when violated, produce mood decrements and negative evaluations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||20|
|Journal||European Journal of Social Psychology|
|State||Published - Jun 1 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Social Psychology