Blade and shaft crack detection using torsional vibration measurements part 2: Resampling to improve effective dynamic range

Kenneth P. Maynard, Martin Wesley Trethewey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The primary goal of the development project was to demonstrate the feasibility of detecting changes in blade bending natural frequencies (such as those associated with a blade crack) on a turbine using non-contact, non-intrusive measurement methods. The approach was to set up a small experimental apparatus, develop a torsional vibration detection system, and maximize the dynamic range and the signal to noise ratio. The results of the testing and analysis clearly demonstrated the feasibility of using torsional vibration to detect the change in natural frequency of a blade due to a change in stiffness such as those associated with a blade crack. However, it was found that harmonics of shaft operating speed, created as an unwanted artifact of the measurement method, resulted in spectral regions in which the effective dynamic range was inadequate to detect low-level torsional vibration associated with the natural frequencies. The loss of effective dynamic range was due to the "skirts" created by the sampling window. Application of order resampling, followed by frequency resampling, to the torsional vibration waveform increased the effective dynamic range and improved the ability to identify shaft torsional and blade bending natural frequencies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-30
Number of pages4
JournalNoise and Vibration Worldwide
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2001

Fingerprint

Crack detection
torsional vibration
vibration measurement
Vibration measurement
blades
dynamic range
Natural frequencies
cracks
resonant frequencies
Vibrations (mechanical)
Cracks
nonintrusive measurement
skirts
Turbomachine blades
turbines
Signal to noise ratio
Turbines
Stiffness
artifacts
Sampling

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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