Blue horizontal-branch stars in the sloan digital sky survey. II. Kinematics of the galactic halo

Edwin Sirko, Jeremy Goodman, Gillian R. Knapp, Jon Brinkmann, Željko Ivezić, Edwin J. Knerr, David Schlegel, Donald P. Schneider, Donald G. York

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We carry out a maximum-likelihood kinematic analysis of a sample of 1170 blue horizontal-branch (BHB) stars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey presented by Sirko and coworkers. Monte Carlo simulations and resampling show that the results are robust to distance and velocity errors at least as large as the errors they estimated. The best-fit velocities of the Sun (circular) and halo (rotational) are 245.9 ± 13.5 km s -1 and 23.8 ± 20.1 km s -1 but are strongly covariant, so that v - v halo = 222.1 ± 7.7 km s -1. If one adopts standard values for the local standard of rest and solar motion, then the halo scarcely rotates. The velocity ellipsoid inferred for our sample is much more isotropic [(σ r, σ θ, σ φ) = (101.4 ± 2.8, 97.7 ± 16.4, 107.4 ± 16.6) km s -1] than that of halo stars in the solar neighborhood, in agreement with a recent study of the distant halo by Sommer-Larsen and coworkers. The line-of-sight velocity distribution of the entire sample, corrected for the Sun's motion, is accurately Gaussian with a dispersion of 101.6 ± 3.0 km s -1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)914-924
Number of pages11
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume127
Issue number2 1778
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2004

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horizontal branch stars
blue stars
galactic halos
halos
kinematics
sun
velocity errors
solar neighborhood
ellipsoids
line of sight
velocity distribution
stars
simulation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Sirko, E., Goodman, J., Knapp, G. R., Brinkmann, J., Ivezić, Ž., Knerr, E. J., ... York, D. G. (2004). Blue horizontal-branch stars in the sloan digital sky survey. II. Kinematics of the galactic halo. Astronomical Journal, 127(2 1778), 914-924. https://doi.org/10.1086/381486
Sirko, Edwin ; Goodman, Jeremy ; Knapp, Gillian R. ; Brinkmann, Jon ; Ivezić, Željko ; Knerr, Edwin J. ; Schlegel, David ; Schneider, Donald P. ; York, Donald G. / Blue horizontal-branch stars in the sloan digital sky survey. II. Kinematics of the galactic halo. In: Astronomical Journal. 2004 ; Vol. 127, No. 2 1778. pp. 914-924.
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Sirko, E, Goodman, J, Knapp, GR, Brinkmann, J, Ivezić, Ž, Knerr, EJ, Schlegel, D, Schneider, DP & York, DG 2004, 'Blue horizontal-branch stars in the sloan digital sky survey. II. Kinematics of the galactic halo', Astronomical Journal, vol. 127, no. 2 1778, pp. 914-924. https://doi.org/10.1086/381486

Blue horizontal-branch stars in the sloan digital sky survey. II. Kinematics of the galactic halo. / Sirko, Edwin; Goodman, Jeremy; Knapp, Gillian R.; Brinkmann, Jon; Ivezić, Željko; Knerr, Edwin J.; Schlegel, David; Schneider, Donald P.; York, Donald G.

In: Astronomical Journal, Vol. 127, No. 2 1778, 01.02.2004, p. 914-924.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Blue horizontal-branch stars in the sloan digital sky survey. II. Kinematics of the galactic halo

AU - Sirko, Edwin

AU - Goodman, Jeremy

AU - Knapp, Gillian R.

AU - Brinkmann, Jon

AU - Ivezić, Željko

AU - Knerr, Edwin J.

AU - Schlegel, David

AU - Schneider, Donald P.

AU - York, Donald G.

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N2 - We carry out a maximum-likelihood kinematic analysis of a sample of 1170 blue horizontal-branch (BHB) stars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey presented by Sirko and coworkers. Monte Carlo simulations and resampling show that the results are robust to distance and velocity errors at least as large as the errors they estimated. The best-fit velocities of the Sun (circular) and halo (rotational) are 245.9 ± 13.5 km s -1 and 23.8 ± 20.1 km s -1 but are strongly covariant, so that v ⊙ - v halo = 222.1 ± 7.7 km s -1. If one adopts standard values for the local standard of rest and solar motion, then the halo scarcely rotates. The velocity ellipsoid inferred for our sample is much more isotropic [(σ r, σ θ, σ φ) = (101.4 ± 2.8, 97.7 ± 16.4, 107.4 ± 16.6) km s -1] than that of halo stars in the solar neighborhood, in agreement with a recent study of the distant halo by Sommer-Larsen and coworkers. The line-of-sight velocity distribution of the entire sample, corrected for the Sun's motion, is accurately Gaussian with a dispersion of 101.6 ± 3.0 km s -1.

AB - We carry out a maximum-likelihood kinematic analysis of a sample of 1170 blue horizontal-branch (BHB) stars from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey presented by Sirko and coworkers. Monte Carlo simulations and resampling show that the results are robust to distance and velocity errors at least as large as the errors they estimated. The best-fit velocities of the Sun (circular) and halo (rotational) are 245.9 ± 13.5 km s -1 and 23.8 ± 20.1 km s -1 but are strongly covariant, so that v ⊙ - v halo = 222.1 ± 7.7 km s -1. If one adopts standard values for the local standard of rest and solar motion, then the halo scarcely rotates. The velocity ellipsoid inferred for our sample is much more isotropic [(σ r, σ θ, σ φ) = (101.4 ± 2.8, 97.7 ± 16.4, 107.4 ± 16.6) km s -1] than that of halo stars in the solar neighborhood, in agreement with a recent study of the distant halo by Sommer-Larsen and coworkers. The line-of-sight velocity distribution of the entire sample, corrected for the Sun's motion, is accurately Gaussian with a dispersion of 101.6 ± 3.0 km s -1.

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Sirko E, Goodman J, Knapp GR, Brinkmann J, Ivezić Ž, Knerr EJ et al. Blue horizontal-branch stars in the sloan digital sky survey. II. Kinematics of the galactic halo. Astronomical Journal. 2004 Feb 1;127(2 1778):914-924. https://doi.org/10.1086/381486