Acute anemia initiates a systemic response that results in the rapid mobilization and differentiation of erythroid progenitors in the adult spleen. The flexed-tail (f) mutant mice exhibit normal steady-state erythropoiesis but are unable to rapidly respond to acute erythropoietic stress. Here, we show that f/f mutant mice have a mutation in Madh5. Our analysis shows that BMP4/Madh5-dependent signaling, regulated by hypoxia, initiates the differentiation and expansion of erythroid progenitors in the spleen. These findings suggest a new model where stress erythroid progenitors, resident in the spleen, are poised to respond to changes in the microenvironment induced by acute anemia.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology