Body compositions of eumenorrheic, oligomenorrheic and amenorrheic runners

Mary Jane De Souza, Carl M. Maresh, Avron Abraham, David N. Camaione

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to examine the body composition of eumenorrheic (EU; n=9), oligomenorrheic (OLIG; n=9) and amenorrheic (A A; n=9) runners derived from underwater weighing and 2) to determine if skinfold measures, utilizing the Jackson, Pollock and Ward generalized regression equation, accurately describe the body composition of these female athletes compared to underwater weighing. The volunteers, aged 18 to 33 years, had been running a minimum of 25 miles per week for at least one year. The three groups were similar in the number of years running, but the A A subjects did run more miles per week (p<0.01) than the EU runners; weekly mileage was similar in the A A and OLIG groups. A A and OLIG runners weighed significantly less (p<0.05) than their EU counterparts (55.8 ± 4.4, 56.0 ± 2.8 and 62.6 ± 3.0 kg, respectively), and their body fat percentages derived from both underwater weighing (UW) and skinfold (SK) techniques were significantly lower than the EU runners (UW.-15.5, 15.9 and 20.9 percent and SK:16.9,17.4, and 21.8 percent, respectively). The UW and SK techniques provided similar body fat percentage results (r=0.86). Lean body weights were similar in all three groups, therefore, the higher body fat percentage of the EU runners can be attributed to a larger (p<0.05) fat weight in these subjects (13.1 ± 1.8 kg) compared to the A A (8.7 ± 2.2 kg) and OLIG (8.9 ± 2.5 kg) subjects. Our results suggest that the Jackson, Pollock and Ward generalized regression equation can provide accurate estimates of body composition in these female athletes. Such information may be of practical importance to the coach, strength and conditioning specialist, or athletic trainer interested in monitoring training responses and/or nutritional intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-15
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1988

Fingerprint

Body Composition
Adipose Tissue
Athletes
Running
Sports
Volunteers
Fats
Body Weight
Weights and Measures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

De Souza, Mary Jane ; Maresh, Carl M. ; Abraham, Avron ; Camaione, David N. / Body compositions of eumenorrheic, oligomenorrheic and amenorrheic runners. In: Journal of strength and conditioning research. 1988 ; Vol. 2, No. 1. pp. 13-15.
@article{e6e42ab7c67841c69f0abb84ff3190ba,
title = "Body compositions of eumenorrheic, oligomenorrheic and amenorrheic runners",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to examine the body composition of eumenorrheic (EU; n=9), oligomenorrheic (OLIG; n=9) and amenorrheic (A A; n=9) runners derived from underwater weighing and 2) to determine if skinfold measures, utilizing the Jackson, Pollock and Ward generalized regression equation, accurately describe the body composition of these female athletes compared to underwater weighing. The volunteers, aged 18 to 33 years, had been running a minimum of 25 miles per week for at least one year. The three groups were similar in the number of years running, but the A A subjects did run more miles per week (p<0.01) than the EU runners; weekly mileage was similar in the A A and OLIG groups. A A and OLIG runners weighed significantly less (p<0.05) than their EU counterparts (55.8 ± 4.4, 56.0 ± 2.8 and 62.6 ± 3.0 kg, respectively), and their body fat percentages derived from both underwater weighing (UW) and skinfold (SK) techniques were significantly lower than the EU runners (UW.-15.5, 15.9 and 20.9 percent and SK:16.9,17.4, and 21.8 percent, respectively). The UW and SK techniques provided similar body fat percentage results (r=0.86). Lean body weights were similar in all three groups, therefore, the higher body fat percentage of the EU runners can be attributed to a larger (p<0.05) fat weight in these subjects (13.1 ± 1.8 kg) compared to the A A (8.7 ± 2.2 kg) and OLIG (8.9 ± 2.5 kg) subjects. Our results suggest that the Jackson, Pollock and Ward generalized regression equation can provide accurate estimates of body composition in these female athletes. Such information may be of practical importance to the coach, strength and conditioning specialist, or athletic trainer interested in monitoring training responses and/or nutritional intervention.",
author = "{De Souza}, {Mary Jane} and Maresh, {Carl M.} and Avron Abraham and Camaione, {David N.}",
year = "1988",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1519/00124278-198802000-00004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "13--15",
journal = "Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research",
issn = "1064-8011",
publisher = "NSCA National Strength and Conditioning Association",
number = "1",

}

Body compositions of eumenorrheic, oligomenorrheic and amenorrheic runners. / De Souza, Mary Jane; Maresh, Carl M.; Abraham, Avron; Camaione, David N.

In: Journal of strength and conditioning research, Vol. 2, No. 1, 02.1988, p. 13-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Body compositions of eumenorrheic, oligomenorrheic and amenorrheic runners

AU - De Souza, Mary Jane

AU - Maresh, Carl M.

AU - Abraham, Avron

AU - Camaione, David N.

PY - 1988/2

Y1 - 1988/2

N2 - The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to examine the body composition of eumenorrheic (EU; n=9), oligomenorrheic (OLIG; n=9) and amenorrheic (A A; n=9) runners derived from underwater weighing and 2) to determine if skinfold measures, utilizing the Jackson, Pollock and Ward generalized regression equation, accurately describe the body composition of these female athletes compared to underwater weighing. The volunteers, aged 18 to 33 years, had been running a minimum of 25 miles per week for at least one year. The three groups were similar in the number of years running, but the A A subjects did run more miles per week (p<0.01) than the EU runners; weekly mileage was similar in the A A and OLIG groups. A A and OLIG runners weighed significantly less (p<0.05) than their EU counterparts (55.8 ± 4.4, 56.0 ± 2.8 and 62.6 ± 3.0 kg, respectively), and their body fat percentages derived from both underwater weighing (UW) and skinfold (SK) techniques were significantly lower than the EU runners (UW.-15.5, 15.9 and 20.9 percent and SK:16.9,17.4, and 21.8 percent, respectively). The UW and SK techniques provided similar body fat percentage results (r=0.86). Lean body weights were similar in all three groups, therefore, the higher body fat percentage of the EU runners can be attributed to a larger (p<0.05) fat weight in these subjects (13.1 ± 1.8 kg) compared to the A A (8.7 ± 2.2 kg) and OLIG (8.9 ± 2.5 kg) subjects. Our results suggest that the Jackson, Pollock and Ward generalized regression equation can provide accurate estimates of body composition in these female athletes. Such information may be of practical importance to the coach, strength and conditioning specialist, or athletic trainer interested in monitoring training responses and/or nutritional intervention.

AB - The purpose of this study was twofold: 1) to examine the body composition of eumenorrheic (EU; n=9), oligomenorrheic (OLIG; n=9) and amenorrheic (A A; n=9) runners derived from underwater weighing and 2) to determine if skinfold measures, utilizing the Jackson, Pollock and Ward generalized regression equation, accurately describe the body composition of these female athletes compared to underwater weighing. The volunteers, aged 18 to 33 years, had been running a minimum of 25 miles per week for at least one year. The three groups were similar in the number of years running, but the A A subjects did run more miles per week (p<0.01) than the EU runners; weekly mileage was similar in the A A and OLIG groups. A A and OLIG runners weighed significantly less (p<0.05) than their EU counterparts (55.8 ± 4.4, 56.0 ± 2.8 and 62.6 ± 3.0 kg, respectively), and their body fat percentages derived from both underwater weighing (UW) and skinfold (SK) techniques were significantly lower than the EU runners (UW.-15.5, 15.9 and 20.9 percent and SK:16.9,17.4, and 21.8 percent, respectively). The UW and SK techniques provided similar body fat percentage results (r=0.86). Lean body weights were similar in all three groups, therefore, the higher body fat percentage of the EU runners can be attributed to a larger (p<0.05) fat weight in these subjects (13.1 ± 1.8 kg) compared to the A A (8.7 ± 2.2 kg) and OLIG (8.9 ± 2.5 kg) subjects. Our results suggest that the Jackson, Pollock and Ward generalized regression equation can provide accurate estimates of body composition in these female athletes. Such information may be of practical importance to the coach, strength and conditioning specialist, or athletic trainer interested in monitoring training responses and/or nutritional intervention.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=7344229808&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=7344229808&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1519/00124278-198802000-00004

DO - 10.1519/00124278-198802000-00004

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:7344229808

VL - 2

SP - 13

EP - 15

JO - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

JF - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

SN - 1064-8011

IS - 1

ER -