Bond insertion, complexation, and penetration pathways of vapor-deposited aluminum atoms with HO- and CH3O-terminated organic monolayers

Gregory L. Fisher, Amy V. Walker, Andrew E. Hooper, Timothy B. Tighe, Kevin B. Bahnck, Hope T. Skriba, Michael D. Reinard, Brendan C. Haynie, Robert L. Opila, Nicholas Winograd, David L. Allara

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Abstract

The interaction of vapor-deposited Al atoms with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of HS-(CH2)16-X (X = -OH and -OCH3) chemisorbed at polycrystalline Au{111} surfaces was studied using time-of-flight secondary-ion mass spectrometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Whereas quantum chemical theory calculations show that Al insertion into the C-C, C-H, C-O, and O-H bonds is favorable energetically, it is observed that deposited Al inserts only with the OH SAM to form an -O-Al-H product. This reaction appears to cease prior to complete -OH consumption, and is followed by formation of a few overlayers of a nonmetallic type of phase and finally deposition of a metallic film. In contrast, for the OCH3 SAM, the deposited Al atoms partition along two parallel paths: nucleation and growth of an overlayer metal film, and penetration through the OCH3 SAM to the monolayer/Au interface region. By considering a previous observation that a CH3 terminal group favors penetration as the dominant initial process, and using theory calculations of Al-molecule interaction energies, we suggest that the competition between the penetration and overlayer film nucleation channels is regulated by small differences in the Al-SAM terminal group interaction energies. These results demonstrate the highly subtle effects of surface structure and composition on the nucleation and growth of metal films on organic surfaces and point to a new perspective on organometallic and metal-solvent interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5528-5541
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume124
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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    Fisher, G. L., Walker, A. V., Hooper, A. E., Tighe, T. B., Bahnck, K. B., Skriba, H. T., Reinard, M. D., Haynie, B. C., Opila, R. L., Winograd, N., & Allara, D. L. (2002). Bond insertion, complexation, and penetration pathways of vapor-deposited aluminum atoms with HO- and CH3O-terminated organic monolayers. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 124(19), 5528-5541. https://doi.org/10.1021/ja0123453