Bone remodeling under tooth loading

Kangning Su, Li Yuan, Jing Du

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The stability and success rate of orthopedic and dental implants are affected by their surrounding bone quality. Bone adapts to mechanical loads through remodeling activities to achieve new equilibrium in strain/stress state. The object of this study is to develop a numerical algorithm to simulate bone remodeling activities under mechanical loading. Finite element method is used to calculate the strain/stress distribution in the alveolar bone under tooth loading. The bone density remains unchanged near the equilibrium point of the mechanical stimulus; under greater or smaller mechanical stimulus, it increases or decreases. Iterations are performed to simulate the evolution of bone density. Effects of model geometry and adjacent teeth are studied. Effects of various applied loads and boundary conditions are compared. Simulation results are validated using computed tomography (CT) data of human mandibles. The implications of the results on patient-specific treatment and the insights for clinical techniques are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTMS 2017 146th Annual Meeting
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages331-340
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783319514925
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Event146th Annual Meeting and Exhibition Supplemental, TMS 2017 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Feb 26 2017Mar 2 2017

Publication series

NameMinerals, Metals and Materials Series
VolumePart F6
ISSN (Print)2367-1181
ISSN (Electronic)2367-1696

Other

Other146th Annual Meeting and Exhibition Supplemental, TMS 2017
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego
Period2/26/173/2/17

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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  • Cite this

    Su, K., Yuan, L., & Du, J. (2017). Bone remodeling under tooth loading. In TMS 2017 146th Annual Meeting (pp. 331-340). (Minerals, Metals and Materials Series; Vol. Part F6). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51493-2_31