Objective: The goal of this study was to explore the role of bradykinins and bradykinin 1 receptor (B1R) in murine lupus nephritis. Methods: C57BL/6 and MRL/lpr mice were compared for renal expression of B1R and B2R by western blot and immunohistochemistry. MRL/lpr lupus-prone mice were administered the B1R antagonist, SSR240612 for 12 weeks, and monitored for blood pressure, proteinuria, renal function, and serum autoantibodies. Results: Renal B1R:B2R ratios were significantly upregulated in MRL/lpr mice compared with B6 controls. B1R blockade ameliorated renal pathology lesions, proteinuria, and blood pressure, accompanied by lower serum IgG and anti-dsDNA autoantibody levels, reduced splenic marginal zone B cells and CD4 + T cells, and renal infiltrating CD4 + T cells, macrophages, and neutrophils. Both urine and renal CCL2 and CCL5 chemokines were also decreased in the B1R blocked MRL/lpr mice. Conclusion: Bradykinin receptor B1R blockade ameliorates both systemic immunity and renal inflammation possibly by inhibiting multiple chemokines and renal immune cell infiltration. B1R blockade may be particularly attractive in subjects with concomitant lupus nephritis and hypertension.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy