Various growth factors are involved in sleep regulation. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) belongs to the neurotrophin family; it and its receptors are found in normal brain. Furthermore, cerebral cortical levels of BDNF mRNA have a diurnal variation and increase after sleep deprivation. Therefore, we investigated whether BDNF would promote sleep. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats (320-380 g) and 25 male New Zealand White rabbits (4.5- 5.5 kg) were surgically implanted with electroencephalographic (EEG) electrodes, a brain thermistor, and a lateral intracerebroventricular cannula. The animals were injected intracerebroventricularly with pyrogen- free saline and, on a separate day, one of the following doses of BDNF: 25 or 250 ng in rabbits; 10, 50, or 250 ng in rats. The EEG, brain temperature, and motor activity were recorded for 23 h after the intracerebroventricular injections. BDNF increased time spent in non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREMS) in rats and rabbits and REMS in rabbits, current results provide further evidence that various growth factors are involved in sleep regulation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology|
|Issue number||5 45-5|
|State||Published - May 1999|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)