Brain electrophysiological responses to emotion nouns versus emotionless nouns

Xu Xu, Chunyan Kang, Taomei Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

As the ability to recognize and communicate emotions is crucial to mental health, it is important to understand the representation and processing of emotion concepts. This study examined brain electrophysiological responses to nouns that denote emotions (e.g., guilt and joy) in comparison to nouns that denote abstract (e.g., theme) and concrete entities (e.g., teapot) without emotional connotations. Thirty-two participants completed a lexical decision task. Behavioral responses to emotion nouns were faster and more accurate than abstract and concrete nouns. ERP data showed that emotion nouns were associated with a less pronounced N400 that peaked earlier relative to abstract and concrete nouns. Further, N400 amplitude differences between emotion and concrete nouns emerged earlier with a broad distribution, whereas the differences between emotion and abstract nouns appeared later with a fronto-central distribution. These findings demonstrate in the healthy brain processing advantages and representational distinctions of emotion concepts versus other concepts, providing a point of reference for future theoretical and clinical research on affect representations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)144-154
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neurolinguistics
Volume49
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019

Fingerprint

brain
Emotions
emotion
Brain
Aptitude
Guilt
Emotion
Nouns
guilt
Mental Health
mental health
ability
Research
Abstract Noun
Concrete Noun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Xu, Xu ; Kang, Chunyan ; Guo, Taomei. / Brain electrophysiological responses to emotion nouns versus emotionless nouns. In: Journal of Neurolinguistics. 2019 ; Vol. 49. pp. 144-154.
@article{d34c3cef84b64ec1b4f47a2a22fcf6bc,
title = "Brain electrophysiological responses to emotion nouns versus emotionless nouns",
abstract = "As the ability to recognize and communicate emotions is crucial to mental health, it is important to understand the representation and processing of emotion concepts. This study examined brain electrophysiological responses to nouns that denote emotions (e.g., guilt and joy) in comparison to nouns that denote abstract (e.g., theme) and concrete entities (e.g., teapot) without emotional connotations. Thirty-two participants completed a lexical decision task. Behavioral responses to emotion nouns were faster and more accurate than abstract and concrete nouns. ERP data showed that emotion nouns were associated with a less pronounced N400 that peaked earlier relative to abstract and concrete nouns. Further, N400 amplitude differences between emotion and concrete nouns emerged earlier with a broad distribution, whereas the differences between emotion and abstract nouns appeared later with a fronto-central distribution. These findings demonstrate in the healthy brain processing advantages and representational distinctions of emotion concepts versus other concepts, providing a point of reference for future theoretical and clinical research on affect representations.",
author = "Xu Xu and Chunyan Kang and Taomei Guo",
year = "2019",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jneuroling.2018.10.003",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "144--154",
journal = "Journal of Neurolinguistics",
issn = "0911-6044",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

Brain electrophysiological responses to emotion nouns versus emotionless nouns. / Xu, Xu; Kang, Chunyan; Guo, Taomei.

In: Journal of Neurolinguistics, Vol. 49, 01.02.2019, p. 144-154.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Brain electrophysiological responses to emotion nouns versus emotionless nouns

AU - Xu, Xu

AU - Kang, Chunyan

AU - Guo, Taomei

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - As the ability to recognize and communicate emotions is crucial to mental health, it is important to understand the representation and processing of emotion concepts. This study examined brain electrophysiological responses to nouns that denote emotions (e.g., guilt and joy) in comparison to nouns that denote abstract (e.g., theme) and concrete entities (e.g., teapot) without emotional connotations. Thirty-two participants completed a lexical decision task. Behavioral responses to emotion nouns were faster and more accurate than abstract and concrete nouns. ERP data showed that emotion nouns were associated with a less pronounced N400 that peaked earlier relative to abstract and concrete nouns. Further, N400 amplitude differences between emotion and concrete nouns emerged earlier with a broad distribution, whereas the differences between emotion and abstract nouns appeared later with a fronto-central distribution. These findings demonstrate in the healthy brain processing advantages and representational distinctions of emotion concepts versus other concepts, providing a point of reference for future theoretical and clinical research on affect representations.

AB - As the ability to recognize and communicate emotions is crucial to mental health, it is important to understand the representation and processing of emotion concepts. This study examined brain electrophysiological responses to nouns that denote emotions (e.g., guilt and joy) in comparison to nouns that denote abstract (e.g., theme) and concrete entities (e.g., teapot) without emotional connotations. Thirty-two participants completed a lexical decision task. Behavioral responses to emotion nouns were faster and more accurate than abstract and concrete nouns. ERP data showed that emotion nouns were associated with a less pronounced N400 that peaked earlier relative to abstract and concrete nouns. Further, N400 amplitude differences between emotion and concrete nouns emerged earlier with a broad distribution, whereas the differences between emotion and abstract nouns appeared later with a fronto-central distribution. These findings demonstrate in the healthy brain processing advantages and representational distinctions of emotion concepts versus other concepts, providing a point of reference for future theoretical and clinical research on affect representations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85055165367&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85055165367&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jneuroling.2018.10.003

DO - 10.1016/j.jneuroling.2018.10.003

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 144

EP - 154

JO - Journal of Neurolinguistics

JF - Journal of Neurolinguistics

SN - 0911-6044

ER -