Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats lack the CCK-1 receptor and are hyperphagic and obese. CCK-1 receptors play a role in prepulse inhibition (PPI) by modulating mesolimbic dopamine transmission, a modulator of sensorimotor gating. Therefore, the present study assessed the effects of brief, daily sucrose access on PPI and acoustic startle response (ASR) in OLETF rat and age-matched non-mutant Long-Evans Tokushima Otsuka (LETO) rats. The results revealed that OLETF rats with sucrose access showed an increased ASR [F(1,16) = 6.84; P < 0.01)], relative to sucrose receiving LETO rats. No significant sucrose effect (P = 0.283) on PPI was noted in OLETF rats, whereas sucrose receiving LETO rats had a significantly lower (P < 0.05) PPI percentage than non-sucrose controls. In contrast, sucrose-receiving OLETF rats expressed significantly higher PPI percentage than LETO rats with identical sucrose presentation (P < 0.01). Taken together, these results suggest that sucrose access alters PPI and ASR in general, and the CCK-1 receptors play a modulatory role in facilitating or inhibiting these responses, respectively. A similar effect may be contributory to the hyperphagic behavioral phenotype of obese animal models with altered central dopamine regulation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Neurology
- Developmental Biology