Broad absorption line disappearance on multi-year timescales in a large quasar sample

N. Filiz Ak, W. N. Brandt, P. B. Hall, D. P. Schneider, S. F. Anderson, R. R. Gibson, B. F. Lundgren, A. D. Myers, P. Petitjean, Nicholas P. Ross, Yue Shen, D. G. York, D. Bizyaev, J. Brinkmann, E. Malanushenko, D. J. Oravetz, K. Pan, A. E. Simmons, B. A. Weaver

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Abstract

We present 21 examples of C IV broad absorption line (BAL) trough disappearance in 19 quasars selected from systematic multi-epoch observations of 582 bright BAL quasars (1.9 < z < 4.5) by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-I/II (SDSS-I/II) and SDSS-III. The observations span 1.1-3.9yr rest-frame timescales, longer than have been sampled in many previous BAL variability studies. On these timescales, 2.3% of C IV BAL troughs disappear and 3.3% of BAL quasars show a disappearing trough. These observed frequencies suggest that many C IV BAL absorbers spend on average at most a century along our line of sight to their quasar. Ten of the 19 BAL quasars showing C IV BAL disappearance have apparently transformed from BAL to non-BAL quasars; these are the first reported examples of such transformations. The BAL troughs that disappear tend to be those with small-to-moderate equivalent widths, relatively shallow depths, and high outflow velocities. Other non-disappearing C IV BALs in those nine objects having multiple troughs tend to weaken when one of them disappears, indicating a connection between the disappearing and non-disappearing troughs, even for velocity separations as large as 10,000-15,000km s-1. We discuss possible origins of this connection including disk-wind rotation and changes in shielding gas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume757
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Filiz Ak, N., Brandt, W. N., Hall, P. B., Schneider, D. P., Anderson, S. F., Gibson, R. R., Lundgren, B. F., Myers, A. D., Petitjean, P., Ross, N. P., Shen, Y., York, D. G., Bizyaev, D., Brinkmann, J., Malanushenko, E., Oravetz, D. J., Pan, K., Simmons, A. E., & Weaver, B. A. (2012). Broad absorption line disappearance on multi-year timescales in a large quasar sample. Astrophysical Journal, 757(2), [114]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/757/2/114