Broadband observations of the naked-eye GRB 080319B

Judith L. Racusin, David N. Burrows

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

On behalf of a large international collaboration [1], we present the unprecedented broadband observations of GRB 080319B, whose prompt optical emission peaked at a visual magnitude of 5.3, making it briefly visible with the naked eye. GRB 080319B was discovered by Swift and captured in exquisite detail by ground based wide-field telescopes, imaging the burst location from before the time of the explosion. The combination of these unique optical data with simultaneous γ-ray observations provides powerful diagnostics of the detailed physics of this explosion within seconds of its formation. We show that the prompt optical and γ-ray emissions from this event arise from different spectral components within the same physical region located at a large distance from the source, implying an extremely relativistic outflow. Our observations also provide good evidence for a bright reverse shock component. The chromatic behavior of the broadband afterglow is consistent with viewing the GRB down the very narrow inner core of a two-component jet that is expanding into a wind-like environment consistent with the massive star origin of long GRBs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProbing Stellar Populations Out To The Distant Universe - Cefalu 2008 - Proceedings of the International Conference
Pages374-378
Number of pages5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 21 2009
EventInternational Conference on Probing Stellar Populations Out To The Distant Universe, Cefalu 2008 - Cefalu, Sicily, Italy
Duration: Sep 7 2008Sep 19 2008

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1111
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

OtherInternational Conference on Probing Stellar Populations Out To The Distant Universe, Cefalu 2008
CountryItaly
CityCefalu, Sicily
Period9/7/089/19/08

Fingerprint

broadband
explosions
rays
afterglows
massive stars
light emission
bursts
shock
telescopes
physics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Racusin, J. L., & Burrows, D. N. (2009). Broadband observations of the naked-eye GRB 080319B. In Probing Stellar Populations Out To The Distant Universe - Cefalu 2008 - Proceedings of the International Conference (pp. 374-378). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1111). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3141576
Racusin, Judith L. ; Burrows, David N. / Broadband observations of the naked-eye GRB 080319B. Probing Stellar Populations Out To The Distant Universe - Cefalu 2008 - Proceedings of the International Conference. 2009. pp. 374-378 (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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Racusin, JL & Burrows, DN 2009, Broadband observations of the naked-eye GRB 080319B. in Probing Stellar Populations Out To The Distant Universe - Cefalu 2008 - Proceedings of the International Conference. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1111, pp. 374-378, International Conference on Probing Stellar Populations Out To The Distant Universe, Cefalu 2008, Cefalu, Sicily, Italy, 9/7/08. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3141576

Broadband observations of the naked-eye GRB 080319B. / Racusin, Judith L.; Burrows, David N.

Probing Stellar Populations Out To The Distant Universe - Cefalu 2008 - Proceedings of the International Conference. 2009. p. 374-378 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1111).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Racusin JL, Burrows DN. Broadband observations of the naked-eye GRB 080319B. In Probing Stellar Populations Out To The Distant Universe - Cefalu 2008 - Proceedings of the International Conference. 2009. p. 374-378. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3141576