Broadband polarization interferometric time-integrating acousto-optic correlator for random noise radar

Sangtaek Kim, Kelvin Wagner, Ram Mohan Narayanan, Wei Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We describe a time-integrating acousto-optic correlator (TIAOC) developed for imaging and target detection using a wideband random-noise radar system. This novel polarization interferometric inline TIAOC uses an intensity-modulated laser diode for the random noise reference and a polarization-switching, self-collimating acoustic shear-mode gallium phosphide (GaP) acousto-optic device for traveling-wave modulation of the radar returns. The time-integrated correlation output is detected on a 1-D charge-coupled device (CCD) detector array and calibrated and demodulated in real time to produce the complex radar range profile. The complex radar reflectivity is measured in more than 150 radar range bins in parallel on the 3000 pixels of the CCD, improving target acquisition speeds and sensitivities by 150 over previous serial analog correlator approaches. The polarization interferometric detection of the correlation using the undiffracted light as the reference allows us to use the full acousto-optic device (AOD) bandwidth as the system bandwidth. Also, the experimental result shows the fully complex random-noise signal correlation and coherent demodulation without an explicit carrier, demonstrating that optically processed random-noise radars do not need a stable local oscillator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108202
JournalOptical Engineering
Volume44
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2005

Fingerprint

Spurious signal noise
Correlators
acousto-optics
random noise
correlators
radar
Optics
Radar
radar range
Polarization
broadband
polarization
Charge coupled devices
traveling wave modulation
charge coupled devices
Gallium phosphide
bandwidth
target acquisition
gallium phosphides
Bandwidth

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

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abstract = "We describe a time-integrating acousto-optic correlator (TIAOC) developed for imaging and target detection using a wideband random-noise radar system. This novel polarization interferometric inline TIAOC uses an intensity-modulated laser diode for the random noise reference and a polarization-switching, self-collimating acoustic shear-mode gallium phosphide (GaP) acousto-optic device for traveling-wave modulation of the radar returns. The time-integrated correlation output is detected on a 1-D charge-coupled device (CCD) detector array and calibrated and demodulated in real time to produce the complex radar range profile. The complex radar reflectivity is measured in more than 150 radar range bins in parallel on the 3000 pixels of the CCD, improving target acquisition speeds and sensitivities by 150 over previous serial analog correlator approaches. The polarization interferometric detection of the correlation using the undiffracted light as the reference allows us to use the full acousto-optic device (AOD) bandwidth as the system bandwidth. Also, the experimental result shows the fully complex random-noise signal correlation and coherent demodulation without an explicit carrier, demonstrating that optically processed random-noise radars do not need a stable local oscillator.",
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Broadband polarization interferometric time-integrating acousto-optic correlator for random noise radar. / Kim, Sangtaek; Wagner, Kelvin; Narayanan, Ram Mohan; Zhou, Wei.

In: Optical Engineering, Vol. 44, No. 10, 108202, 01.10.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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