Bronchial leiomyoma, a case report and review of literature

José Cárdenas-García, Alfredo Lee-Chang, Virginia Chung, Chang Shim, Stephen Factor, Amit Tibb

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Abstract

A 44 year old male former smoker from Ecuador presented with productive cough for 3 weeks, positive tuberculin skin test, 40lbs weight loss and right lower lobe collapse. He denied wheezing or hemoptysis. He was treated with antibiotics and ruled out for tuberculosis with negative sputum smear. Bronchoscopy showed an endobronchial lesion at the distal end of bronchus intermedius as cause of the collapse. Endobronchial biopsy of the lesion revealed an endobronchial leiomyoma, a rare cause of endobronchial tumor. The patient underwent bilobectomy as definite therapy for the leiomyoma due to its large size and possible extra-luminal extension, which made it not amenable to bronchoscopic resection or bronchoplasty. Differential diagnoses of endobronchial lesions are discussed along with clinical, radiographic, pathologic characteristics and various treatment modalities for endobronchial leiomyomas.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-62
Number of pages4
JournalRespiratory Medicine Case Reports
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Cárdenas-García, J., Lee-Chang, A., Chung, V., Shim, C., Factor, S., & Tibb, A. (2014). Bronchial leiomyoma, a case report and review of literature. Respiratory Medicine Case Reports, 12, 59-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rmcr.2014.04.004