Brook trout use of thermal refugia and foraging habitat influenced by brown trout

Nathaniel P Hitt, Erin L. Snook, Danielle L. Massie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The distribution of native brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) in eastern North America is often limited by temperature and introduced brown trout (Salmo trutta), the relative importance of which is poorly understood but critical for conservation and restoration planning. We evaluated effects of brown trout on brook trout behavior and habitat use in experimental streams across increasing temperatures (14–23 °C) with simulated groundwater upwelling zones providing thermal refugia (6–9 °C below ambient temperatures). Allopatric and sympatric trout populations increased their use of upwelling zones as ambient temperatures increased, demonstrating the importance of groundwater as thermal refugia in warming streams. Allopatric brook trout showed greater movement rates and more even spatial distributions within streams than sympatric brook trout, suggesting interference competition by brown trout for access to forage habitats located outside thermal refugia. Our results indicate that removal of introduced brown trout may facilitate native brook trout expansion and population viability in downstream reaches depending in part on the spatial configuration of groundwater upwelling zones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)406-418
Number of pages13
JournalCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Volume74
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Salvelinus fontinalis
refugium
Salmo trutta
refuge habitats
foraging
heat
habitat
habitats
upwelling
groundwater
temperature
ambient temperature
interference competition
habitat use
forage
viability
trout
warming
brook
spatial distribution

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science

Cite this

Hitt, Nathaniel P ; Snook, Erin L. ; Massie, Danielle L. / Brook trout use of thermal refugia and foraging habitat influenced by brown trout. In: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 2017 ; Vol. 74, No. 3. pp. 406-418.
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Brook trout use of thermal refugia and foraging habitat influenced by brown trout. / Hitt, Nathaniel P; Snook, Erin L.; Massie, Danielle L.

In: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 74, No. 3, 01.01.2017, p. 406-418.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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