Building galaxies, stars, planets and the ingredients for life between the stars. The science behind the European Ultraviolet-Visible Observatory

Ana I. Gómez de Castro, Thierry Appourchaux, Martin A. Barstow, Mathieu Barthelemy, Frederic Baudin, Stefano Benetti, Pere Blay, Noah Brosch, Emma Bunce, Domitilla de Martino, Jean Michel Deharveng, Roger Ferlet, Kevin France, Miriam García, Boris Gänsicke, Cecile Gry, Lynne Hillenbrand, Eric Josselin, Carolina Kehrig, Laurent LamyJon Lapington, Alain Lecavelier des Etangs, Frank LePetit, Javier López-Santiago, Bruno Milliard, Richard Monier, Giampiero Naletto, Yael Nazé, Coralie Neiner, Jonathan Nichols, Marina Orio, Isabella Pagano, Céline Peroux, Gregor Rauw, Steven Shore, Marco Spaans, Gagik Tovmassian, Asif ud-Doula, José Vilchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This contribution gathers the contents of the white paper submitted by the UV community to the Call issued by the European Space Agency in March 2013, for the definition of the L2 and L3 missions in the ESA science program. We outlined the key science that a large UV facility would make possible and the instrumentation to be implemented.

The growth of luminous structures and the building blocks of life in the Universe began as primordial gas was processed in stars and mixed at galactic scales. The mechanisms responsible for this development are not well-understood and have changed over the intervening 13 billion years. To follow the evolution of matter over cosmic time, it is necessary to study the strongest (resonance) transitions of the most abundant species in the Universe. Most of them are in the ultraviolet (UV; 950 Å–3000 Å) spectral range that is unobservable from the ground. A versatile space observatory with UV sensitivity a factor of 50–100 greater than existing facilities will revolutionize our understanding of the Universe.

Habitable planets grow in protostellar discs under ultraviolet irradiation, a by-product of the star-disk interaction that drives the physical and chemical evolution of discs and young planetary systems. The electronic transitions of the most abundant molecules are pumped by this UV field, providing unique diagnostics of the planet-forming environment that cannot be accessed from the ground. Earth’s atmosphere is in constant interaction with the interplanetary medium and the solar UV radiation field. A 50–100 times improvement in sensitivity would enable the observation of the key atmospheric ingredients of Earth-like exoplanets (carbon, oxygen, ozone), provide crucial input for models of biologically active worlds outside the solar system, and provide the phenomenological baseline to understand the Earth atmosphere in context.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-246
Number of pages18
JournalAstrophysics and Space Science
Volume354
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 23 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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