The oxidation of ethers, alcohols, esters, and light alkanes (ethane, propane) by K2PtCl4 and Pt/O2 in aqueous medium has been studied. Results appear to indicate that unactivated C-H bonds were attacked and oxidized by Pt(II) whereas C-H bonds a to an oxygen were activated and catalytically oxidized by metallic Pt in the presence of O2. For example, Pt(II) was found to oxidize ethane selectively to the alcohols, ethanol, and ethylene glycol. In the presence of metallic Pt and O2, further oxidation of the alcohol functionality occurred to generate the corresponding carboxylic acids. Thus, with proper choice of the C-H activating system, it was possible to oxidize substrates with a fairly high degree of selectivity with respect to the oxidation level, as well as the particular C-H bond that was functionalized. With respect to the latter, because of the “chelate effect”, the selective activation and oxidation by Pt(II) of C-H bonds suitably distant from a coordinating oxygen was achieved. For ethers, the order of reactivity was α-C-H < β-C-H < γ-C-H.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry