Intracellular Ca2+ release activated by inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (InsP3) plays a pivotal role in Ca2+ signaling in cells. A controlling mechanism for InsP3-induced Ca2+ movements is suggested by results showing that the InsP3-releasable Ca2+ pool is directly modified by a specific and sensitive GTP-regulated Ca2+-translocating process. By using saponin-permeabilized N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells or DDT1MF-2 smooth muscle-derived cells, InsP3 releases 30-50% of Ca2+ accumulated through intracellular high-affinity ATP-dependent Ca2+-pumping activity. Oxalate-promoted Ca2+ uptake is reversed by InsP3, indicating oxalate permeability of the InsP3-releasable pool, which is consistent with this compartment being the endoplasmic reticulum. GTP (10 microM) activates release of 50-70% of accumulated Ca2+ from cells. In the presence of 5-10 mM oxalate, GTP induces a biphasic Ca2+ flux response; initially (1-2 min) GTP induces rapid Ca2+ release followed thereafter by a profound increase in Ca2+ uptake. Thus, GTP-activated Ca2+ influx and efflux compete for Ca2+ access to the oxalate-permeable Ca2+ pool. The nonadditive effects of InsP3 and GTP suggest that InsP3 releases Ca2+ from a subcompartment of the GTP-releasable pool. Most significantly, InsP3 is observed to block the GTP-activated uptake phase in the presence of oxalate, indicating that GTP induces Ca2+ entry into the pool from which InsP3 activates release. Hence, the results provide direct evidence that loading of Ca2+ into the InsP3-sensitive Ca2+ pool is controlled by a GTP-regulated Ca2+-translocating mechanism. Such a process could be significant in regulating the extent and duration of the InsP3-induced Ca2+ signal, a crucial step in the inositol phospholipid signaling pathway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Apr 1988|
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