Calcium-independent phospholipase A2 is regulated by a novel protein kinase C in human coronary artery endothelial cells

Maureen C. Meyer, Pamela J. Kell, Michael Creer, Jane McHowat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We demonstrated previously that thrombin stimulation of endothelial cells activates a membrane-associated, Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) that selectively hydrolyzes arachidonylated plasmalogen phospholipids. We report that incubation of human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC) with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) to activate protein kinase C (PKC) resulted in hydrolysis of cellular phospholipids similar to that observed with thrombin stimulation (0.05 IU/ml; 10 min). Thrombin stimulation resulted in a decrease in arachidonylated plasmenylcholine (2.7 ± 0.1 vs. 5.3 ± 0.4 nmol PO4/mg of protein) and plasmenylethanolamine (7.5 ± 1.0 vs. 12.0 ± 0.9 nmol PO 4/mg of protein). Incubation with PMA resulted in decreases in arachidonylated plasmenylcholine (3.2 ± 0.3 nmol PO4/mg of protein) and plasmenylethanolamine (6.0 ± 1.0 nmol PO4/g of protein). Incubation of HCAEC with the selective iPLA2 inhibitor bromoenol lactone (5 mM; 10 min) inhibited accelerated plasmalogen phospholipid hydrolysis in response to both PMA and thrombin stimulation. Incubation of HCAEC with PMA (100 nM; 5 min) resulted in increased arachidonic acid release (7.1 ± 0.3 vs. 1.1 ± 0.1%) and increased production of lysoplasmenylcholine (1.4 ± 0.2 vs. 0.6 ± 0.1 nmol PO 4/mg of protein), similar to the responses observed with thrombin stimulation. Downregulation of PKC by prolonged exposure to PMA (100 nM; 24 h) completely inhibited thrombin-stimulated increases in arachidonic acid release (7.1 ± 0.6 to 0.5 ± 0.1%) and lysoplasmenylcholine production (2.0 ± 0.1 to 0.2 ± 0.1 nmol PO4/mg of protein). These data suggest that PKC activates iPLA2 in HCAEC, leading to accelerated plasmalogen phospholipid hydrolysis and increased phospholipid metabolite production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume288
Issue number2 57-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2005

Fingerprint

Calcium-Independent Phospholipase A2
Endothelial cells
Thrombin
Protein Kinase C
Coronary Vessels
Endothelial Cells
Plasmalogens
Phospholipids
Acetates
Hydrolysis
Proteins
Phospholipases A2
Arachidonic Acid
Metabolites
Down-Regulation
phorbol-12-myristate
Membranes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

@article{0f2e0c50dec040c2ada1130c6c2d12de,
title = "Calcium-independent phospholipase A2 is regulated by a novel protein kinase C in human coronary artery endothelial cells",
abstract = "We demonstrated previously that thrombin stimulation of endothelial cells activates a membrane-associated, Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) that selectively hydrolyzes arachidonylated plasmalogen phospholipids. We report that incubation of human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC) with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) to activate protein kinase C (PKC) resulted in hydrolysis of cellular phospholipids similar to that observed with thrombin stimulation (0.05 IU/ml; 10 min). Thrombin stimulation resulted in a decrease in arachidonylated plasmenylcholine (2.7 ± 0.1 vs. 5.3 ± 0.4 nmol PO4/mg of protein) and plasmenylethanolamine (7.5 ± 1.0 vs. 12.0 ± 0.9 nmol PO 4/mg of protein). Incubation with PMA resulted in decreases in arachidonylated plasmenylcholine (3.2 ± 0.3 nmol PO4/mg of protein) and plasmenylethanolamine (6.0 ± 1.0 nmol PO4/g of protein). Incubation of HCAEC with the selective iPLA2 inhibitor bromoenol lactone (5 mM; 10 min) inhibited accelerated plasmalogen phospholipid hydrolysis in response to both PMA and thrombin stimulation. Incubation of HCAEC with PMA (100 nM; 5 min) resulted in increased arachidonic acid release (7.1 ± 0.3 vs. 1.1 ± 0.1{\%}) and increased production of lysoplasmenylcholine (1.4 ± 0.2 vs. 0.6 ± 0.1 nmol PO 4/mg of protein), similar to the responses observed with thrombin stimulation. Downregulation of PKC by prolonged exposure to PMA (100 nM; 24 h) completely inhibited thrombin-stimulated increases in arachidonic acid release (7.1 ± 0.6 to 0.5 ± 0.1{\%}) and lysoplasmenylcholine production (2.0 ± 0.1 to 0.2 ± 0.1 nmol PO4/mg of protein). These data suggest that PKC activates iPLA2 in HCAEC, leading to accelerated plasmalogen phospholipid hydrolysis and increased phospholipid metabolite production.",
author = "Meyer, {Maureen C.} and Kell, {Pamela J.} and Michael Creer and Jane McHowat",
year = "2005",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1152/ajpcell.00306.2004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "288",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology",
issn = "0363-6143",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "2 57-2",

}

Calcium-independent phospholipase A2 is regulated by a novel protein kinase C in human coronary artery endothelial cells. / Meyer, Maureen C.; Kell, Pamela J.; Creer, Michael; McHowat, Jane.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, Vol. 288, No. 2 57-2, 01.02.2005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Calcium-independent phospholipase A2 is regulated by a novel protein kinase C in human coronary artery endothelial cells

AU - Meyer, Maureen C.

AU - Kell, Pamela J.

AU - Creer, Michael

AU - McHowat, Jane

PY - 2005/2/1

Y1 - 2005/2/1

N2 - We demonstrated previously that thrombin stimulation of endothelial cells activates a membrane-associated, Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) that selectively hydrolyzes arachidonylated plasmalogen phospholipids. We report that incubation of human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC) with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) to activate protein kinase C (PKC) resulted in hydrolysis of cellular phospholipids similar to that observed with thrombin stimulation (0.05 IU/ml; 10 min). Thrombin stimulation resulted in a decrease in arachidonylated plasmenylcholine (2.7 ± 0.1 vs. 5.3 ± 0.4 nmol PO4/mg of protein) and plasmenylethanolamine (7.5 ± 1.0 vs. 12.0 ± 0.9 nmol PO 4/mg of protein). Incubation with PMA resulted in decreases in arachidonylated plasmenylcholine (3.2 ± 0.3 nmol PO4/mg of protein) and plasmenylethanolamine (6.0 ± 1.0 nmol PO4/g of protein). Incubation of HCAEC with the selective iPLA2 inhibitor bromoenol lactone (5 mM; 10 min) inhibited accelerated plasmalogen phospholipid hydrolysis in response to both PMA and thrombin stimulation. Incubation of HCAEC with PMA (100 nM; 5 min) resulted in increased arachidonic acid release (7.1 ± 0.3 vs. 1.1 ± 0.1%) and increased production of lysoplasmenylcholine (1.4 ± 0.2 vs. 0.6 ± 0.1 nmol PO 4/mg of protein), similar to the responses observed with thrombin stimulation. Downregulation of PKC by prolonged exposure to PMA (100 nM; 24 h) completely inhibited thrombin-stimulated increases in arachidonic acid release (7.1 ± 0.6 to 0.5 ± 0.1%) and lysoplasmenylcholine production (2.0 ± 0.1 to 0.2 ± 0.1 nmol PO4/mg of protein). These data suggest that PKC activates iPLA2 in HCAEC, leading to accelerated plasmalogen phospholipid hydrolysis and increased phospholipid metabolite production.

AB - We demonstrated previously that thrombin stimulation of endothelial cells activates a membrane-associated, Ca2+-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) that selectively hydrolyzes arachidonylated plasmalogen phospholipids. We report that incubation of human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAEC) with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) to activate protein kinase C (PKC) resulted in hydrolysis of cellular phospholipids similar to that observed with thrombin stimulation (0.05 IU/ml; 10 min). Thrombin stimulation resulted in a decrease in arachidonylated plasmenylcholine (2.7 ± 0.1 vs. 5.3 ± 0.4 nmol PO4/mg of protein) and plasmenylethanolamine (7.5 ± 1.0 vs. 12.0 ± 0.9 nmol PO 4/mg of protein). Incubation with PMA resulted in decreases in arachidonylated plasmenylcholine (3.2 ± 0.3 nmol PO4/mg of protein) and plasmenylethanolamine (6.0 ± 1.0 nmol PO4/g of protein). Incubation of HCAEC with the selective iPLA2 inhibitor bromoenol lactone (5 mM; 10 min) inhibited accelerated plasmalogen phospholipid hydrolysis in response to both PMA and thrombin stimulation. Incubation of HCAEC with PMA (100 nM; 5 min) resulted in increased arachidonic acid release (7.1 ± 0.3 vs. 1.1 ± 0.1%) and increased production of lysoplasmenylcholine (1.4 ± 0.2 vs. 0.6 ± 0.1 nmol PO 4/mg of protein), similar to the responses observed with thrombin stimulation. Downregulation of PKC by prolonged exposure to PMA (100 nM; 24 h) completely inhibited thrombin-stimulated increases in arachidonic acid release (7.1 ± 0.6 to 0.5 ± 0.1%) and lysoplasmenylcholine production (2.0 ± 0.1 to 0.2 ± 0.1 nmol PO4/mg of protein). These data suggest that PKC activates iPLA2 in HCAEC, leading to accelerated plasmalogen phospholipid hydrolysis and increased phospholipid metabolite production.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=12144257808&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=12144257808&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1152/ajpcell.00306.2004

DO - 10.1152/ajpcell.00306.2004

M3 - Article

VL - 288

JO - American Journal of Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology

SN - 0363-6143

IS - 2 57-2

ER -