Calibration and comparison of laser-induced incandescence with cavity ring-down

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Laser-induced incandescence (LII), a technique that determines relative soot volume fraction, requires calibration to achieve quantitative results. Although not spatially resolved, cavity ring-down (CRD), an absorption-based method, provides an integrated measure of fv along the line-of-sight. Here, spatially resolved LII signals from soot within a methane/air diffusion flame are calibrated using CRD, which avoids extrapolation required of less sensitive methods in current use. Comparison of CRD with traditional light extinction and path-integrated LII verifies its accuracy for fv determination. Using CRD, quantification of LII for parts per billion (ppb) fv levels is demonstrated. Experimental tests demonstrate the accuracy of CRD for a single laser-pulse to be better than ± 5% for measurement of ppb soot volume fraction levels over a 1-cm pathlength. Using calibrated detector characteristics and a predetermined fv level, the absolute LII signal level within a detection bandwidth of 405-415 nm produced by a laser fluence of 0.25 J/cm2 at 1064 nm within a laminar ethylene/air diffusion flame was calculated. This value is 5 × 10 5 photons/sr-nm per ppm of soot, collected over a 10-ns interval centered at the peak of the LII signal. Comparison of LII with CRD reveals that CRD may be used to advantage in applications where spatially resolved information is not necessary and/or achieving high geometric collection efficiency is impractical. LII's chief advantages are the spatially resolved fv visualization and geometric versatility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-67
Number of pages9
JournalSymposium (International) on Combustion
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998
Event27th International Symposium on Combustion - Boulder, CO, United States
Duration: Aug 2 1998Aug 7 1998

Fingerprint

incandescence
Calibration
Soot
cavities
Lasers
rings
soot
lasers
diffusion flames
Volume fraction
Light extinction
Methane
Air
air
Extrapolation
versatility
Laser pulses
Ethylene
line of sight
Visualization

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

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title = "Calibration and comparison of laser-induced incandescence with cavity ring-down",
abstract = "Laser-induced incandescence (LII), a technique that determines relative soot volume fraction, requires calibration to achieve quantitative results. Although not spatially resolved, cavity ring-down (CRD), an absorption-based method, provides an integrated measure of fv along the line-of-sight. Here, spatially resolved LII signals from soot within a methane/air diffusion flame are calibrated using CRD, which avoids extrapolation required of less sensitive methods in current use. Comparison of CRD with traditional light extinction and path-integrated LII verifies its accuracy for fv determination. Using CRD, quantification of LII for parts per billion (ppb) fv levels is demonstrated. Experimental tests demonstrate the accuracy of CRD for a single laser-pulse to be better than ± 5{\%} for measurement of ppb soot volume fraction levels over a 1-cm pathlength. Using calibrated detector characteristics and a predetermined fv level, the absolute LII signal level within a detection bandwidth of 405-415 nm produced by a laser fluence of 0.25 J/cm2 at 1064 nm within a laminar ethylene/air diffusion flame was calculated. This value is 5 × 10 5 photons/sr-nm per ppm of soot, collected over a 10-ns interval centered at the peak of the LII signal. Comparison of LII with CRD reveals that CRD may be used to advantage in applications where spatially resolved information is not necessary and/or achieving high geometric collection efficiency is impractical. LII's chief advantages are the spatially resolved fv visualization and geometric versatility.",
author = "{Vander Wal}, {Randy Lee}",
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Calibration and comparison of laser-induced incandescence with cavity ring-down. / Vander Wal, Randy Lee.

In: Symposium (International) on Combustion, Vol. 27, No. 1, 01.01.1998, p. 59-67.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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T1 - Calibration and comparison of laser-induced incandescence with cavity ring-down

AU - Vander Wal, Randy Lee

PY - 1998/1/1

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AB - Laser-induced incandescence (LII), a technique that determines relative soot volume fraction, requires calibration to achieve quantitative results. Although not spatially resolved, cavity ring-down (CRD), an absorption-based method, provides an integrated measure of fv along the line-of-sight. Here, spatially resolved LII signals from soot within a methane/air diffusion flame are calibrated using CRD, which avoids extrapolation required of less sensitive methods in current use. Comparison of CRD with traditional light extinction and path-integrated LII verifies its accuracy for fv determination. Using CRD, quantification of LII for parts per billion (ppb) fv levels is demonstrated. Experimental tests demonstrate the accuracy of CRD for a single laser-pulse to be better than ± 5% for measurement of ppb soot volume fraction levels over a 1-cm pathlength. Using calibrated detector characteristics and a predetermined fv level, the absolute LII signal level within a detection bandwidth of 405-415 nm produced by a laser fluence of 0.25 J/cm2 at 1064 nm within a laminar ethylene/air diffusion flame was calculated. This value is 5 × 10 5 photons/sr-nm per ppm of soot, collected over a 10-ns interval centered at the peak of the LII signal. Comparison of LII with CRD reveals that CRD may be used to advantage in applications where spatially resolved information is not necessary and/or achieving high geometric collection efficiency is impractical. LII's chief advantages are the spatially resolved fv visualization and geometric versatility.

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