Canada geese and the epidemiology of avian influenza viruses

Mark T. Harris, Justin David Brown, Virginia H. Goekjian, M. Page Luttrell, Rebecca L. Poulson, Benjamin R. Wilcox, David E. Swayne, David E. Stallknecht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Canada geese (Branta canadensis) are numerous, highly visible, and widely distributed in both migratory and resident populations in North America; as a member of the order Anseriformes, they are often suggested as a potential reservoir and source for avian influenza (AI) viruses. To further examine the role of Canada Geese in the ecology of AI, we re-evaluated existing literature related to AI virus in this species and tested breeding populations of Canada Geese from three states (Georgia, West Virginia, and Minnesota, USA) by virus isolation and serology. The ability of AI virus to persist in goose feces under experimental conditions also was evaluated as an additional measure of the potential for this species to serve as an AI virus reservoir. Virus was not isolated from 1,668 cloacal swabs and type-specific antibody prevalence was low (4/335, 1.2%). Finally, under experimental conditions, AI virus persistence in goose feces and in water contaminated with goose feces was limited as compared to published estimates from duck feces and water. Our results are consistent with historic reports of a low prevalence of AI virus infection in this species, and we suggest that Canada Geese play a minor, if any, role as a reservoir for low pathogenic AI viruses that naturally circulate in wild bird populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)981-987
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of wildlife diseases
Volume46
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Fingerprint

avian influenza
Branta canadensis
epidemiology
Influenza A virus
virus
geese
feces
Anseriformes
viruses
migratory population
wild birds
resident population
seroprevalence
ducks
breeding population
water
antibody
ecology
persistence
breeding

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

Cite this

Harris, M. T., Brown, J. D., Goekjian, V. H., Luttrell, M. P., Poulson, R. L., Wilcox, B. R., ... Stallknecht, D. E. (2010). Canada geese and the epidemiology of avian influenza viruses. Journal of wildlife diseases, 46(3), 981-987. https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-46.3.981
Harris, Mark T. ; Brown, Justin David ; Goekjian, Virginia H. ; Luttrell, M. Page ; Poulson, Rebecca L. ; Wilcox, Benjamin R. ; Swayne, David E. ; Stallknecht, David E. / Canada geese and the epidemiology of avian influenza viruses. In: Journal of wildlife diseases. 2010 ; Vol. 46, No. 3. pp. 981-987.
@article{2324931a4a6c4686ba5c93e11246b604,
title = "Canada geese and the epidemiology of avian influenza viruses",
abstract = "Canada geese (Branta canadensis) are numerous, highly visible, and widely distributed in both migratory and resident populations in North America; as a member of the order Anseriformes, they are often suggested as a potential reservoir and source for avian influenza (AI) viruses. To further examine the role of Canada Geese in the ecology of AI, we re-evaluated existing literature related to AI virus in this species and tested breeding populations of Canada Geese from three states (Georgia, West Virginia, and Minnesota, USA) by virus isolation and serology. The ability of AI virus to persist in goose feces under experimental conditions also was evaluated as an additional measure of the potential for this species to serve as an AI virus reservoir. Virus was not isolated from 1,668 cloacal swabs and type-specific antibody prevalence was low (4/335, 1.2{\%}). Finally, under experimental conditions, AI virus persistence in goose feces and in water contaminated with goose feces was limited as compared to published estimates from duck feces and water. Our results are consistent with historic reports of a low prevalence of AI virus infection in this species, and we suggest that Canada Geese play a minor, if any, role as a reservoir for low pathogenic AI viruses that naturally circulate in wild bird populations.",
author = "Harris, {Mark T.} and Brown, {Justin David} and Goekjian, {Virginia H.} and Luttrell, {M. Page} and Poulson, {Rebecca L.} and Wilcox, {Benjamin R.} and Swayne, {David E.} and Stallknecht, {David E.}",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.7589/0090-3558-46.3.981",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "981--987",
journal = "Journal of Wildlife Diseases",
issn = "0090-3558",
publisher = "Wildlife Disease Association, Inc.",
number = "3",

}

Harris, MT, Brown, JD, Goekjian, VH, Luttrell, MP, Poulson, RL, Wilcox, BR, Swayne, DE & Stallknecht, DE 2010, 'Canada geese and the epidemiology of avian influenza viruses', Journal of wildlife diseases, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 981-987. https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-46.3.981

Canada geese and the epidemiology of avian influenza viruses. / Harris, Mark T.; Brown, Justin David; Goekjian, Virginia H.; Luttrell, M. Page; Poulson, Rebecca L.; Wilcox, Benjamin R.; Swayne, David E.; Stallknecht, David E.

In: Journal of wildlife diseases, Vol. 46, No. 3, 01.01.2010, p. 981-987.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Canada geese and the epidemiology of avian influenza viruses

AU - Harris, Mark T.

AU - Brown, Justin David

AU - Goekjian, Virginia H.

AU - Luttrell, M. Page

AU - Poulson, Rebecca L.

AU - Wilcox, Benjamin R.

AU - Swayne, David E.

AU - Stallknecht, David E.

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - Canada geese (Branta canadensis) are numerous, highly visible, and widely distributed in both migratory and resident populations in North America; as a member of the order Anseriformes, they are often suggested as a potential reservoir and source for avian influenza (AI) viruses. To further examine the role of Canada Geese in the ecology of AI, we re-evaluated existing literature related to AI virus in this species and tested breeding populations of Canada Geese from three states (Georgia, West Virginia, and Minnesota, USA) by virus isolation and serology. The ability of AI virus to persist in goose feces under experimental conditions also was evaluated as an additional measure of the potential for this species to serve as an AI virus reservoir. Virus was not isolated from 1,668 cloacal swabs and type-specific antibody prevalence was low (4/335, 1.2%). Finally, under experimental conditions, AI virus persistence in goose feces and in water contaminated with goose feces was limited as compared to published estimates from duck feces and water. Our results are consistent with historic reports of a low prevalence of AI virus infection in this species, and we suggest that Canada Geese play a minor, if any, role as a reservoir for low pathogenic AI viruses that naturally circulate in wild bird populations.

AB - Canada geese (Branta canadensis) are numerous, highly visible, and widely distributed in both migratory and resident populations in North America; as a member of the order Anseriformes, they are often suggested as a potential reservoir and source for avian influenza (AI) viruses. To further examine the role of Canada Geese in the ecology of AI, we re-evaluated existing literature related to AI virus in this species and tested breeding populations of Canada Geese from three states (Georgia, West Virginia, and Minnesota, USA) by virus isolation and serology. The ability of AI virus to persist in goose feces under experimental conditions also was evaluated as an additional measure of the potential for this species to serve as an AI virus reservoir. Virus was not isolated from 1,668 cloacal swabs and type-specific antibody prevalence was low (4/335, 1.2%). Finally, under experimental conditions, AI virus persistence in goose feces and in water contaminated with goose feces was limited as compared to published estimates from duck feces and water. Our results are consistent with historic reports of a low prevalence of AI virus infection in this species, and we suggest that Canada Geese play a minor, if any, role as a reservoir for low pathogenic AI viruses that naturally circulate in wild bird populations.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78149260649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78149260649&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.7589/0090-3558-46.3.981

DO - 10.7589/0090-3558-46.3.981

M3 - Article

C2 - 20688710

AN - SCOPUS:78149260649

VL - 46

SP - 981

EP - 987

JO - Journal of Wildlife Diseases

JF - Journal of Wildlife Diseases

SN - 0090-3558

IS - 3

ER -

Harris MT, Brown JD, Goekjian VH, Luttrell MP, Poulson RL, Wilcox BR et al. Canada geese and the epidemiology of avian influenza viruses. Journal of wildlife diseases. 2010 Jan 1;46(3):981-987. https://doi.org/10.7589/0090-3558-46.3.981