Canavirgella banfieldii needlecast of Pinus strobus in Michigan

W. Merrill, Nancy G. Wenner, J. O'Donnell

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the winter of 1995 to 1996, browning and dieback of the 1995 needle complement of Pinus strobus L., resembling needlecast caused by Canavirgella banfieldii Merrill et al. (1), was observed in Antrim County, MI. (Needle dieback = distal portions of the needles die, but short basal segments remain living and diseased needles remain attached until normal shedding of the entire complement.) Affected needles at that time had not developed ascomata, but bore spent pycnidia resembling those of C. banfieldii. About 25% of the symptomatic needles collected on 7 June 1996 bore hysterothecia of C. banfieldii in various stages of development. On wetting about 8% of these opened and released mature ascospores. Voucher specimens are in BPI and PACMA. Heretofore, C. banfieldii has been known from western North Carolina to central New York, northern Vermont, and central and eastern Maine. This is the first report of this pathogen in the Lake States, a significant extension of its known distribution, and substantiates in part our belief that this long-overlooked fungus probably occurs throughout the natural range of P. strobus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalPlant disease
Volume81
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997

Fingerprint

Pinus strobus
dieback
complement
pycnidia
ascomata
ascospores
type collections
lakes
fungi
winter
pathogens
hysterothecia

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

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title = "Canavirgella banfieldii needlecast of Pinus strobus in Michigan",
abstract = "In the winter of 1995 to 1996, browning and dieback of the 1995 needle complement of Pinus strobus L., resembling needlecast caused by Canavirgella banfieldii Merrill et al. (1), was observed in Antrim County, MI. (Needle dieback = distal portions of the needles die, but short basal segments remain living and diseased needles remain attached until normal shedding of the entire complement.) Affected needles at that time had not developed ascomata, but bore spent pycnidia resembling those of C. banfieldii. About 25{\%} of the symptomatic needles collected on 7 June 1996 bore hysterothecia of C. banfieldii in various stages of development. On wetting about 8{\%} of these opened and released mature ascospores. Voucher specimens are in BPI and PACMA. Heretofore, C. banfieldii has been known from western North Carolina to central New York, northern Vermont, and central and eastern Maine. This is the first report of this pathogen in the Lake States, a significant extension of its known distribution, and substantiates in part our belief that this long-overlooked fungus probably occurs throughout the natural range of P. strobus.",
author = "W. Merrill and Wenner, {Nancy G.} and J. O'Donnell",
year = "1997",
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doi = "10.1094/PDIS.1997.81.2.231C",
language = "English (US)",
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Canavirgella banfieldii needlecast of Pinus strobus in Michigan. / Merrill, W.; Wenner, Nancy G.; O'Donnell, J.

In: Plant disease, Vol. 81, No. 2, 01.12.1997.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

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AU - Wenner, Nancy G.

AU - O'Donnell, J.

PY - 1997/12/1

Y1 - 1997/12/1

N2 - In the winter of 1995 to 1996, browning and dieback of the 1995 needle complement of Pinus strobus L., resembling needlecast caused by Canavirgella banfieldii Merrill et al. (1), was observed in Antrim County, MI. (Needle dieback = distal portions of the needles die, but short basal segments remain living and diseased needles remain attached until normal shedding of the entire complement.) Affected needles at that time had not developed ascomata, but bore spent pycnidia resembling those of C. banfieldii. About 25% of the symptomatic needles collected on 7 June 1996 bore hysterothecia of C. banfieldii in various stages of development. On wetting about 8% of these opened and released mature ascospores. Voucher specimens are in BPI and PACMA. Heretofore, C. banfieldii has been known from western North Carolina to central New York, northern Vermont, and central and eastern Maine. This is the first report of this pathogen in the Lake States, a significant extension of its known distribution, and substantiates in part our belief that this long-overlooked fungus probably occurs throughout the natural range of P. strobus.

AB - In the winter of 1995 to 1996, browning and dieback of the 1995 needle complement of Pinus strobus L., resembling needlecast caused by Canavirgella banfieldii Merrill et al. (1), was observed in Antrim County, MI. (Needle dieback = distal portions of the needles die, but short basal segments remain living and diseased needles remain attached until normal shedding of the entire complement.) Affected needles at that time had not developed ascomata, but bore spent pycnidia resembling those of C. banfieldii. About 25% of the symptomatic needles collected on 7 June 1996 bore hysterothecia of C. banfieldii in various stages of development. On wetting about 8% of these opened and released mature ascospores. Voucher specimens are in BPI and PACMA. Heretofore, C. banfieldii has been known from western North Carolina to central New York, northern Vermont, and central and eastern Maine. This is the first report of this pathogen in the Lake States, a significant extension of its known distribution, and substantiates in part our belief that this long-overlooked fungus probably occurs throughout the natural range of P. strobus.

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